Odisha Election News
Tribals may boycott polls in Odisha: The tribal communities in Koraput, Odisha have evolved another option for themselves other than NOTA. The people of five tribal communities have decided to boycott Lok Sabha as well as Assembly polls.
The communities, who stand firm on this decision, include Nuka Dora, Muka Dora, Rana, Mali and Dora. This act of not participating in the polls will lead to a loss of around two lakh votes.
The president of Koraput Zilla Bana Basi Maha Sangh (KZBBS), Gokul Chandra Khoda, said that the decision has been a result of the negligence of the Government towards the demands of the tribal communities.
Odisha Lok Sabha Elections 2014
The state of Odisha is located on the eastern coast of the country. It is the ninth largest state in India area-wise and 11th largest in terms of population. Odisha was established in 1936 as a province under the British Empire and became a part of the Indian Republic in 1950.
Representation of Odisha at the Centre
Odisha sends ten members to the Rajya Sabha. The state has 21 Lok Sabha constituencies. There are five seats reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC) and four seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates. Some important constituencies of Odisha are Cuttack, Bhubaneshwar, Puri, Koraput, Kalahandi, and Balasore.
The state legislature is unicameral and currently it has 147 members.
Main Political Parties
Important national political parties in Odisha are:
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI (M)]
- Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
Regional parties of Odisha include:
- Biju Janata Dal (BJD)
- Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM)
- All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC)
- Janata Dal (United) [JD(U)]
- Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP)
- Samajwadi Party (SP)
Odisha also has a number of registered unrecognized parties. Some of these are:
- Bharatiya Jan Shakti (BJSH)
- Indian Justice Party (IJP)
- Kalinga Sena (KS)
- Lok Satta Party (LSP)
In the election history of Odisha, three parties namely INC, Janata Dal (JD) and currently the BJD have played the dominant role. INC was in power from 1946 to 1967. But its winning streak was lost in 1967 when the Swatantra Party came to power. It was succeeded by the United Front in 1971. In 1972, INC came back to power and ruled till 1977. In the 1977 elections, it lost to JD. INC made a comeback in the 1980 elections and continued to rule till 1990. In 1990, JD won the elections. In the 1995 elections, INC emerged victorious, but lost to BJD in 2000. Since then, BJD has won the 2004 and 2009 elections and is currently the most influential party in the state.
In the parliamentary elections, till 1962, INC was the leading party. Congress got back its position in the 1971 elections only to lose it to Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLD) in the 1977 elections. INC made a comeback in 1984 election but in the 1989 elections, Janata Dal became the leading party. In 1991 and 1996 elections, INC won most seats. The BJD contesting Lok Sabha polls for the first time emerged as the leading party in 1998 elections and repeated its performance in 1999, 2004 and 2009 elections. BJP gave satisfactory performance in 1998, 1999 and 2004 elections but failed to secure a single seat in 2009 elections.
Major Political Personalities
BJP and Aam Aadmi Party have announced some of their candidates from Odisha. BJD and INC are expected to release their list soon. Some candidates contesting in the upcoming parliamentary elections are:
- Jual Oram : He is the Vice President of BJP and is a former Union Minister. He is contesting from the Sundargarh constituency, which he represented in the 15th Lok Sabha also.
- Satya Mahar : A prominent participant in the Niyamgiri protest movement, Mahar is a AAP candidate from Kalahandi. He is known for his social activism and is the leader of the Sachetan Nagarik Manch, a forum involved in the development of Kalahandi.
Some important political personalities from Odisha who are also members of the 15th Lok Sabha are:
Most Famous Politicians
- Kalikesh Narayan Singh Deo : He is a leader of the Biju Janata Dal and represents the Bolangir constituency. He was the youngest member of the Odisha Legislative assembly prior to his election to the Lok Sabha. He was a member of the Public Accounts Committee and Energy Committee.
- Bibhu Prasad Tarai : He is a leader of the Communist Party of India. He was elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from Jagatsinghpur constituency.
- Pradeep Kumar Majhi : He is an MP from the INC and represents the Nabarangpur constituency. He worked for the rural and started the Garib Sena organization to monitor implementation of government schemes in Nabarangpur. He created history by asking the maximum number of questions in the 15th Lok Sabha.
Some prominent politicians from Odisha are:
Opinion Polls 2014
- Biju Patnaik : A World War II veteran, Biju Patnaik participated in India's freedom struggle and also played a role in the Indonesian Independence movement. He was noted for his political acumen and served twice as the Chief Minister of Odisha.
- Janaki Ballabh Patnaik : He was a politician of the INC. He was the Chief Minister of Odisha from 1980 - 89 and 1995 - 99. He was a former Union Minister and a former governor of Assam.
- Harekrushna Mahatab : He is a freedom fighter and the first Chief Minister of Odisha after independence. He was also a former Union Minister and served as the Governor of Bombay. He is popularly called 'Utkal Keshari'.
- Nandini Satpathy : She is a prominent politician from the INC and was the first female Chief Minister of Odisha. She was also the Minister of Information and Broadcasting at the centre, during Indira Gandhi's tenure.
- Naveen Patnaik : He is the founder of the Biju Janata Dal (BJD) named after his father Biju Patnaik. He is the current Chief Minister of Odisha and has been in office since 2000. He is known for his stand against corruption and was voted the most popular Chief Minister.
2014 is an important election year for Odisha as the state will elect a new legislative assembly as well. As far as the parliamentary elections are concerned, opinion polls have predicted the BJD to emerge as the leading party, followed by the INC, while the presence of the BJP would be negligible. Surveys show BJD bagging 12 out of 21 seats, while INC may get nine seats. The tally of BJP may vary from 0-4 seats.
0disha Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|2009||0disha||1||Bargarh||GEN||Bhoi,Shri Sanjay ||M||INC||397375|
|2009||Odisha||2||Sundargarh||(ST)||Biswal,Shri Hemanand ||M||INC||280054|
|2009||Odisha||3||Sambalpur||GEN||Pradhan,Shri Amarnath ||M||INC||304890|
|2009||Odisha||4||Keonjhar||(ST)||Laguri,Shri Yashbant Narayan Singh ||M||BJD||389104|
|2009||Odisha||5||Mayurbhanj||(ST)||Tudu,Shri Laxman ||M||BJD||256648|
|2009||Odisha||6||Balasore||GEN||Jena,Shri Srikant Kumar ||M||INC||313888|
|2009||Odisha||7||Bhadrak||(SC)||Sethi,Shri Arjun Charan ||M||BJD||416808|
|2009||Odisha||8||Jajpur||(SC)||Jena,Shri Mohan ||M||BJD||433350|
|2009||Odisha||9||Dhenkanal||GEN||Satpathy,Shri Tathagata ||M||BJD||398568|
|2009||Odisha||10||Bolangir||GEN||Singh Deo,Shri Kalikesh Narayan ||M||BJD||430150|
|2009||Odisha||11||Kalahandi||GEN||Das,Shri Bhakta Charan ||M||INC||401736|
|2009||Odisha||12||Nabarangpur||(ST)||Majhi,Shri Pradeep ||M||INC||308307|
|2009||Odisha||13||Kandhamal||GEN||Ray,Shri Rudra Madhab ||M||BJD||315314|
|2009||Odisha||14||Cuttack||GEN||Mahtab,Shri Bhartruhari ||M||BJD||465089|
|2009||Odisha||15||Kendrapara||GEN||Panda,Shri Baijayant "Jay" ||M||BJD||502635|
|2009||Odisha||16||Jagatsinghpur||(SC)||Tarai,Shri Bibhu Prasad ||M||CPI||457234|
|2009||Odisha||17||Puri||GEN||Misra,Shri Pinaki ||M||BJD||436961|
|2009||Odisha||18||Bhubaneswar||GEN||Patasani,Dr. (Prof.) Prasanna Kumar ||M||BJD||400472|
|2009||Odisha||19||Aska||GEN||Pradhan,Shri Nityananda ||M||BJD||419862|
|2009||Odisha||20||Berhampur||GEN||Mohapatra,Shri Sidhant ||M||BJD||319839|
|2009||Odisha||21||Koraput||(ST)||Pangi,Shri Jayaram ||M||BJD||312776|
||Orissa Parliamentary Constituencies
Last Updated on : March 8, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India