India, the second most populous country in the world, was under the British rule during the 19th and 20th centuries. However, in 1947, it savoured the taste of independence. Since then, the nation has never looked back. It has been continuously walking on the path of success and glory, which became most evident when India was still standing on its feet, while major parts of the world were reeling under the pressure of economic downturn.
Today, it can be said that the Indian subcontinent is in a better position in terms of the social, political and economic status it enjoys in comparison to the other economies of the world. It has been able to carve its niche not only in tourism sector but also in education, employment and manufacturing sectors.
To know about the geographical features of the Indian subcontinent that covers more than 700,000 villages and cities, you can refer to the Indian Subcontinent Map.
Let's have a look at the neighbouring countries of India:
Pakistan - India and Pakistan were divided after the Partition in 1947. In 1971, after the civil war secession in Pakistan, Bangladesh was formed. Pakistan lies to the west of India. The Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab share their borders with the country. Pakistan is a South Asian country with a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. The total area of the country is 7,96, 095 sq km. The head of the state is the ceremonial head of the country.
Nepal - In northeast of India, lies Nepal, which is a country located in the Himalayas. Nepal is not a very large country in terms of its size and spans over an area of 1,47,181 sq km. Out of the world's 10 tallest mountains, eight are located in Nepal including the world's highest point Mount Everest. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Nepal; even the majority of the industries here are involved in the processing of agricultural products. Tourism is one of the most significant features of the country. The government is federal parliamentary republic. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu.
Bhutan - The Kingdom of Bhutan shares a border with the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam and West Bengal. It is spread over an area of 38,394 sq km. The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. The population of the country predominantly practice Buddhism followed by Hinduism. The country has a parliamentary form of government and hence is a constitutional monarchy. Besides the monarch, it has a prime minister who holds the executive powers of the nation. Hydropower, agriculture, forestry and tourism are major contributors to the economy of Bhutan.
Burma (Myanmar) - The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is situated in East Asia with a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. The Indian states of Nagaland, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur share their borders with Burma. The present capital of the country is Naypyidaw and it is spread over an area of 6,76,578 sq km. A high percentage of the population practice Buddhism. Burma is governed by the presidential republic with a bicameral legislature. The head of the state is the president of the country.
Afghanistan - Afghanistan is another neighbouring country of India located in the Central Asia. It has many other countries in its neighbourhood including China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The country has an area of 6,52,230 sq km. Islam is the predominant religion in the country and agriculture is the mainstay of its economy. The manufacturing of cotton textile, woollens, woven carpets and handicrafts are the main industrial activities in the country.
Sri Lanka - The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka lies near the southern area of India and is separated by Palk Strait. The commercial capital of the country is Colombo; however, Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is its legislative capital. The president is the chief of state and the head of government in Sri Lanka. It is home to many ethnic groups, religions and languages. With a large number of places of interest, Sri Lanka is a pleasant tourist destination in the world.
Maldives - An island nation, Maldives is located in the south-southwest of India. It is situated in the Indian Ocean-Arabian Sea area and consists of a double chain of 26 atolls. With an area of 298 sq km only, Maldives consists of more than a thousand coral islands. The capital of Maldives is Male and Islam is the predominant religion in the country. It is a presidential republic and the president is the head of the state and of the government. Dhivehi is the official language of the country.