Before becoming the Prime Minister, he held offices in the cabinet and also as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.When there was a split in the Indian National Congress in 1969, he stayed with the Congress out of loyalty towards Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
In both the cabinets of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi he managed many portfolios like Home, Defense and Foreign Affairs. With the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi he became the leader of the Congress party. When the Congress secured a majority of seats in the 1991 general elections he was asked to form the government.
During his tenure he had many achievements but the one which revitalized India's economy was the abolition of the License Raj in 1990. He introduced economic reforms like abolishing licensing regulations to attract FDI and private businesses.
During his tenure, Jammu and Kashmir was torn apart by terrorist activity. He introducing the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act (TADA).
PV Narasimha Rao remained in office as the Prime Minister from June21, 1991 to May16, 1996.He was succeeded by Atal Behari Vajpayee.He died of an heart attack on 9th December ,2004.