Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu Biography



Sarojini Naidu Sarojini Naidu, the Nightingale of India, was born on February 13, 1879 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. She has many firsts to her credit, including being the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. The eldest daughter of Aghornath Chattopadhyaya and Barada Sundari Devi, she was fluent in many languages.

Sarojini Naidu studied at the Madras University, before moving to England to study. She married Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu. The couple had five children Jayasurya, Leelamani, Nilawar, Padmaja and Randheer. The partition of Bengal in 1905 drew her to join the Indian freedom struggle. She soon came into contact with the stalwarts of the Indian freedom movement.

In 1916, she published a biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah titled The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. In 1919, she became the Home Rule League's ambassador to England. In 1925 she was elected as the President of the Congress and traveled to New York in October 1928. In 1942, she was arrested during the "Quit India" movement and was lodged in jail for 21 months with Mahatma Gandhi. Sarojini Naidu shared a close rapport with Mahatma Gandhi.

Sarojini Naidu presided over the Steering Committee at the Asian Relations Conference in March 1947. After India became independent, she became the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, the first Indian woman to become a governor. In addition to being a freedom fighter, she was a prolific poet. In 1905, the first volume of her collection of poems, The Golden Threshold was published. Two more volumes, The Bird of Time and The Broken Wing were published in 1912 and 1917 respectively. Later, some other poetry books The Magic Tree, The Wizard Mask, and A Treasury of Poems were published.

On 2nd March 1949, Sarojini Naidu fell ill and her physician gave her a sleeping pill for a good nights sleep. She smiled and uttered the words "Not eternal sleep I hope", but that night she died in her sleep.

Sarojini Naidu Facts



NameSarojini Naidu
BornFebruary 13, 1879, Hyderabad
Maiden NameSarojini Chattopadhyay
Known AsThe Nightingale of India, Bul Bule Hind
Zodiac SignAquarius
NationalityIndian
ReligionBengali Hindu
FatherMr. Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay
MotherMs. Barada Sundari Debi
SiblingsBirendranath, Harindranath
EducationUniversity of Madras, King's College London, Girton College, Cambridge
Marriage1898
SpouseDr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu
ChildrenFive childern named Jayasurya Naidu, Padmaja Naidu, Randheer Naidu, Aditya Nilawar Naidu and Leelamani Naidu.
OccupationActivist, Political Leader, Poet
Independence movementSarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905.
 During 1915-1918, she travelled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, women's empowerment and nationalism.
Political CareerBecome the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925.
 Governor of the United Provinces from 1947 to 1949.
Literacy CareerThe Golden Threshold, The Bird of Time, The Broken Wings, Muhammad Ali Jinnah entitled as The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity, The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India
Famous PoemsDamayante to Nala in the Hour of Exile, Ecstasy, Indian Dancers, The Indian, Indian Love-Song, Indian Weavers, In the Forest, Ramamuratham, Nightfall in the City of Hyderabad, Palanquin Bearers, Suttee, The Soul's Prayer, Street Cries
AwardsHind Kesari medal in 1928
AchievementsFirst Indian woman appointed as president of Indian National Congress and first woman to be appointed Governor of any state in India.
DiedMarch 2, 1949, Lucknow by heart attack.
After DeathHer daughter Padmaja published a collection of poems entitled The Feather of The Dawn in 1961.


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Last Updated on : February 13, 2014