Ram Prasad Bismil Biography
Ram Prasad Bismil was the famous freedom fighter who was involved in the historic Kakori train robbery. He was born in 1897 at Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh
. His father Muralidhar was an employee of Shahjahanpur Municipality. Ramaprasad learnt Hindi from his father and was sent to learn Urdu from Moulvi. He wanted to join an English medium school and got admission in one of such schools despite his father's disapproval.
Ramaprasad joined Arya Samaj. He was also very talented in writing poetry. All of his poems have the intense patriotic feeling. He always wanted to see India as a free nation and dedicated himself to the cause of the country. His team members consisted of great freedom fighters like Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagawati Charan, Rajguru and many more. Ramaprasad used to take advices related to religion and politics from great patriot and scholar Swami Somadevji.
The practice of Brahmacharya inspired him a lot and he became an ardent follower of it. He got himself engaged in the volunteering of Shahjahanpur Seva Samithi. In order to get people's attention, he published a pamphlet named 'A Message to My Countrymen'. Ramaprasad made many Hindi translations of Bengali writings. Some of his works include:
- The Bolshevik Programme
- A Sally of the Mind
- Swadeshi Rang
Yogic Sadhana of Rishi Aurobindo was translated by Ramaprasad. All of his works were published in the series called 'Sushil Mala'. He wrote his autobiography while he was in the cell.
On 9th August, 1925, Ram Prasad Bismil along with his fellow followers looted the money of the British government from the train while it was passing through Kakori, Lucknow. Except Chandrashekhar Azad, all other members of the group were arrested. Ram Prasad Bismil along with others were given capital punishment. This great freedom fighter of india was executed on 19th December, 1927.
Facts and Information about Ram Prasad Bismil
|Born||11 June 1897 at Shahjahanpur, United Province, British India|
|Died||19 December 1927 at Gorakhpur Jail, United Province, British India|
|About||Ram Prasad Bismil was an Indian revolutionary. He took part in Manipuri Conspiracy of 1918 and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925.|
|Pen Names||He wrote poems in Hindi and Urdu under the pen names of Agyat, Ram and Bismil.|
|Political Movement||Indian Independence Movement|
|Hindustan Republican Association||In 1928, Ram Prasad Bismil, along with Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad and others, laid the foundation of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association at the Feroz Shah Kotla, New Delhi.|
The constitution of the party was drafted by Bismil in 1923.
|Kakori Conspiracy||Bismil and his men attempted to rob the treasure of the government being carried in a train at Kakori, near Lucknow on 9 August 1925. The attempt was unsucessful, and ended with the arrest of 40 revolutionaries.|
|Jail and Death||Bismil, along with Roshan Singh, Ashfaq and Rajendra Nath Lahiri, was executed on 19 December 1927.|
|Cremation||Bismil's body was cremated at Rajghat.|
|Statue at Shahjahanpur||A memorial named "Amar Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil Smarak" was built by Shaheed Smarak Samiti of Shahjahanpur at Khirni Bagh mohalla of Shahjahanpur city where Bismil was born in 1897.|
|Station in Shahjahanpur district||Northern Railways of India established a station and named it as Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil Railway Station in his honour.|
|Indian Postal Stamp||On 19 December 1997 a commemorative postal stamp was issued by the Government of India on the Birth centenary year of Bismil.|
|Works||Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna (poem)|
Krantikari Bismil Aur Unki Shayari
Man Ki Lahar
Bolshevikon Ki Kartoot: A revolutionary noble on Bolshevism
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