Maharana Pratap Biography

Maharana Pratap Biography

Maharana Pratap is a synonym to Rajput valor, chivalry and perseverance. He was a stand alone fighter against Mughal aggression and never bent down to any temptation. He was loved by his men and they stood by him in his fight for independence. He lost the Battle of Haldighat to Akbar but did not surrender and continued his combats till the end of his life.

Gallantry and a love for freedom was in Rana's blood as he was the grandson of Rana Sangha and the son of Udai Singh. At a time when all the Rajput states were making ally with Akbar, Mewar remained independent and this made Akbar furious. He attacked Mewar in Rajasthan and captured the fort of Chittor. Udai Singh fled to the hills but chose to stay independent even without his kingdom. After his death Pratap took up the responsibility and the people found a true leader in him.

With the neighboring states allying with Akbar, Pratap had a difficult time resisting the Mugahls as he had no capital. Akbar sent Man Singh as his emissary to invite Pratap in a dinner but the main aim was to seek a negotiation to come to a peaceful alliance. Pratap refuse to attend personally and sent his son Amar Singh instead. This incident soured the Mughal-Mewar relations even more and the Battle of Haldighat (1576) soon followed.

Akbar's army led by Man Singh had a numerical advantage over Pratap's army but he fought valiantly to resist them. The Bhil tribes of the surrounding hills came to Pratap's aid. Pratap himself fought valiantly and unfortunately missed Man Singh by a whisker. Finally, a Mughal victory was inevitable and Prata'ps men convinced him to leave the field. One of his noble men-Jhala disguised as Pratap got killed helping Pratap to escape. Injured severely, his loyal horse Chetak rode Pratap to safety before collapsing to death.

Pratap faced extreme hardship living the life of a fugitive but never gave up his struggle for freedom. With the help of his trusted men like Bhamashah he fought back and recovered most of his territories. Although he could not recapture Chittor he died a hero to his people.

Facts and Information about Maharana Pratap

Also known asPratap Singh
Born9 May 1540
BirthplaceKumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan, India
Died19 January 1597 (aged 56)
PredecessorUdai Singh II
SuccessorAmar Singh I
ConsortMaharani Ajbade Punwar
SonAmar Singh
Royal HouseSisodia
FatherUdai Singh II
MotherMaharani Jaivantabai
AccessionPratap was not the first choice of his father to succeed him. Rana Udai Singh wanted Jagmal, his another son, to be the King after him.
Battle of HaldighatiOn 21 June 1576 the Mughal forces and Pratap's army fought at Haldighati, Gogunda (presently in Rajasthan). His army was outnumbered and thus had to flee.
Pratap's EscapeLegend says that one of Pratap's lieutenants disguised as Pratap, wearing his clothes, fought in his place in the battle, thus enabling his escape.
Guerrilla warfareBeing in the hills of the Aravallis during his exile, Pratap attempted several raids using the technique of guerrilla warfare.
Assistance from BhamashahBhamashah, his general, was a great assisstance to Pratap as he offered his loot at Malwa to Pratap so that he could continue his fight against the Mughals.
Battle of DewarThe Battle of Dewar was fought between the army of Mewar and Pratap. Pratap won and claimed back many Mewar territories but failed to get control over Chittor.
Children 17 sons, 5 daughters
Final daysMaharana Pratap died on 19 January 1597 at Chavand.

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Last Updated on : February 1, 2014



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