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Rash Behari Bose Biography

Rash Behari Bose Biography

Rash Behari Bose was one of the unsung heroes of the Indian freedom struggle. He was a revolutionary leader of outstanding class. He was a great organizer, a master of disguise,the organizer of the Indian National Army. He was involved in various revolutionary activities and wanted by the British but he managed to escape and reached Japan, where he continued his patriotic activities.

Bose was born in the year 1886 in the Burdwan District, West Bengal. He completed his education in Chandennagore. He got involved in the revolution against the British from a very early age and was implicated in the Alipore bomb case ( 1908 ). After his release from jail he went to Dehradun join as a head clerk at the Forest Research Institute. However it did not stop him to get in touch with the revolutionaries secretly. He was hunted by the British police due to his participation in the failed bomb hurling attempt on the Viceroy Lord Charles Hardinge in Delhi. He planned a pan India revolution but it failed and most of the revolutionist were arrested. However Bose managed to escape and reach Japan in 1915.

In Japan, Bose persuaded the Japanese authorities to give active support to the Indian Nationalists in
their struggle for freedom. Two conventions in Tokyo and Bangkok were held and the Indian Independence league was established and Netaji Subash Chandra Bose was invited to take the President ship of the League. Indian prisoners in the Malay and Burma front who were captured by the Japanese were encouraged to join the Indian National Army- the military wing of the league. The leadership was later passed onto Netaji and under him the formidable- ‘ Azad Hind Fauz’ was born.

The Japanese Government honored him with the ‘Second Order of the Merit of the Rising Sun’ before his death. After his demise ( January 21, 1945 ) the imperial coach was sent to carry his body- a great honor. He will be remembered as one the greatest sons of India.

Facts and Information about Rash Behari Bose


Born 25 May 1886 at Subaldaha village, Burdwan Dist., British India (present-day West Bengal, India)
Died 21 January 1945 in Tokyo, Japan
Political Movements Indian Independence Movement, Ghadar Revolution, Indian National Army
Religion Hinduism
Father Vinodebehari Bose
Spouse Tosiko (daughter of Aizo Zoma, owner of the Japanese Hotel)
Daughter Tetsu Higuchi
Son Masahide Bose
Student Revolutionary Since his school days he was more inclined towards revolutionary activities. At a very tender age he knew the ways of making raw bombs.
Leadership Rash Behari was a prominent leader of North India during the revolutionary movement.
Assassination attempt In an attempt to show his disapproval of the British, Bose involved himself in an attempt to assassinate Lord Hardinge, the Viceroy of India. However, this did not succeed.
In hiding Following the failed assassination, he had to go into hiding. Bose was declared wanted by the British Government, with a reward of Rs. 7,500 on his head.
The Ghadar Uprising He was part of the Ghadar Revolution that attempted to incite a mutiny in 1915.
Founding the Azad Hind Fauz He laid the foundation of the Indian Independence League, with the prime objective to form Azad Hind Fauz.
Handing Over On July 5, 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose was made the President of Indian Independence League by Rash Behari designating himself as his adviser.
Tribute In 1959, his daughter, Tetsu Higuchi brought his remnants to India. A tribute was given to the noble son of India by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the then President of India.