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Girish Chandra Ghosh Biography

Girish Chandra Ghosh, the father of the modern Bengali stage, apparently led a bohemian lifestyle. An atheist and a rebel, Girish Chandra Ghosh was the greatest dramatist of his time. He owned a theater company in Calcutta , the ‘National Theater’ and was also renowned as a poet, a playwright, an actor and a trainer. He created classical based music for the plays.

Girish Chandra Ghosh, was born on the 28th February, 1844, as the eighth child of the family. As the beliefs in a Bengali family, of the eighth child being lucky, Girish Chandra Ghosh could not match up to it. His mother was taken ill right after his birth, putting him under the supervision of a low caste maidservant of the family. Thereafter, Girish missed his mother’s compassion, but was rewarded with a love for literature from her and a paradigmatic mind from his father. He gained a vast knowledge on English literature, western philosophy and science. In his youth he stepped the threshold of an irregular lifestyle. Girish Ghosh’s middle life was also not sans tragedy, as he has to face the death of his wife and daughters.

The tragedies in his personal life and his radical attitude made him an atheist. He did not believe in the existence of God and neither he had faith in super natural powers, until he met Sri Ramakrishna Dev. It was for his love, support and help that Girish Ghosh was completely a changed man, who left alcohol and became a firm believer in God.

Girish Chandra Ghosh, was the one of the legendary dramatists who developed the Bengali theater of its yatra form, to a more meaningful form of spreading social awareness. Most of his works had some salient features that showed his passionate love for his country and his stand against imperialism in its every form and shape. Contempt for cowardly begging of freedom and compromise with the foreign
rulers, was vivid in his theaters. He even put forward his statements against Hindu bigotry and superstitions, through his plays. The plays from 1880 to 1900 had strong mythological contents, and were hugely popular in that period. Girish Chandra Ghosh, epitomized his form of drama, by
contemporizing the mythological subjects and blending them with social and political history.

‘Abhimanyu Badh’ (1881), and ‘Bhakta Drhuva’ are considered to be his best work. He took his last breath on 8th February, 1912.