Satyajit Ray Biography
Satyajit Ray (1921-1992) was a renowned filmmaker, music composer, author and screenwriter. Born in the family which is known for its prominence in literature and arts, Satyajit too started off as a commercial artist with keen interest in independent filmmaking. Vittorio De Sica’s movie Bicycle Thieves and meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir are said to influence him greatly.
He initially worked as a graphic artist, before moving on to filmmaking. He founded the Calcutta Film Society in 1947. During the Second World War, he became friendly with many American soldiers stationed in Kolkata from whom he learnt about the latest American films being shown in Kolkata.
In his illustrious career, Ray directed 37 films, which included feature films, documentaries and short ones. He shot to fame right from his first film, Pather Panchali, winning 11 international awards. Besides direction, he was also involved in scripting, casting, scoring, cinematography, art direction, editing and advertising. He also wrote detective stories for children and two of his characters Feluda, a professional detective, and Professor Shonku a scientist became very famous.
Awards and Achievements
He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1985.
The French government awarded him their highest civilian award, Le’gion d’honour in 1989.
He received the honorary Oscar for lifetime achievements in 1991 and in the same year he was awarded the Bharat Ratna.
He received honorary doctorates from many famous universities around the globe, including the Oxford University.