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Political Parties of Bihar


Major Political Parties in Bihar



Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD):



The RJD is a political party that is largely based in Bihar. It was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1997 after he was evicted from Janata Dal. Along with Lalu, Kanti Singh, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, 17 Lok Sabha MPs and eight Rajya Sabha members together formed the RJD. The party is supported by the Muslims and Yadavs who form the majority of the population of the state. The basic ideologies followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. The election symbol of the party is lantern.

Janata Dal (United) (JD (U)):



The JD (U) is considered to be the centre-left political party and has a strong political base in Bihar. The current form of the party came into being with a merger of the Janata Dal, the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on 30 October 2003. The JD (U) had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and had been an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, the alliance was broken after Narendra Modi was made the head of the campaign committee for general elections 2014. The three ideologies of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, socialism and integral humanism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is an arrow.

Indian National Congress:



The Bihar unit of the Indian National Congress is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna, Bihar. Currently, Ashok Choudhary is the president of BPCC. BPCC has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. The election symbol of the INC is palm.

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP):



The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar, which is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha and the Yuva Morcha.

Lok Jan Shakti Party:



Founded in 2000, Lok Jan Shakti Party is headed by Ram Vilas Paswan who formed the party after a split from JD (U). The party is currently a member of National Democratic Alliance (NDA). The LJSP has a following among the Dalits in the state.

Besides these major political parties, there are also many regional and local political parties in Bihar:

Bharatiya Jan Congress:



BJC is a party run by the former chief minister of Bihar, Jagannath Mishra. The party was active in Bihar during 1999-2001.

Bihar People's Party: BPP is a political party formed by Anand Mohan, a leader of the Samajwadi Krantikari Sena and Janata Dal.

Bihar Vikas Party:



BJP Rajya Sabha MP Janardan Yadav founded the party in 1999.

Kisan Vikas Party:



A small party in Bihar, it was formed as a splinter group from the Communist Party of India.

Rashtrawadi Kisan Sangathan:



It was founded by Brahmeshwar Singh, the founder of the Ranvir Sena.

Samajwadi Krantikari Sena:



The party was founded by Anand Mohan Singh in 1980. The primary objective of the party was to fight against the reservation quotas for lower casts.

Sampurna Vikas Dal:



On 20 October 2003, Ranjan Prasad Yadav formed the party.






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List of the Assembly Constituencies in Bihar

 
1 Valmikinagar 82 Darbhanga Rural 163 Belhar
2 Ramnagar(SC) 83 Darbhanga 164 Tarapur
3 Narkatiaganj 86 Keoti 165 Munger
4 Bagaha 84 Hayaghat 166 Jamalpur
5 Lauriya 85 Bahadurpur 167 Suryagarha
6 Nautan 87 Jale 168 Lakhisarai
7 Chanpatia 88 Gaighat 169 Sheikhpura
8 Bettiah 89 Aurai 170 Barbigha
9 Sikta 90 Minapur 171 Asthawan
10 Raxaul 91 Bochaha(SC) 172 Biharsharif
11 Sugauli 92 Sakra(SC) 173 Rajgir(SC)
12 Narkatia 93 Kurhani 174 Islampur
13 Harsidhi(SC) 94 Muzaffarpur 175 Hilsa
14 Govindganj 95 Kanti 176 Nalanda
15 Kesaria 96 Baruraj 177 Harnaut
16 Kalyanpur 97 Paroo 178 Mokama
17 Pipra 98 Sahebgan 179 Barh
18 Madhuban 99 Baikunthpur 180 Bakhtiarpur
19 Motihari 100 Barauli 181 Digha
20 Chiraia 101 Gopalganj 182 Bankipur
21 Dhaka 102 Kuchaikote 183 Kumhrar
22 Sheohar 103 Bhorey(SC) 184 Patna Sahib
23 Riga 104 Hathua 185 Fatuha
24 Bathnaha(SC) 105 Siwan 186 Danapur
25 Parihar 106 Ziradei 187 Maner
26 Sursand 107 Darauli(SC) 188 Phulwari(SC)
27 Bajpatti 108 Raghunathpur 189 Masaurhi(SC)
28 Sitamarhi 109 Daraundha 190 Paliganj
30 Belsand 110 Barharia 191 Bikram
29 Runnisaidpur 111 Goriakothi 192 Sandesh
31 Harlakhi 112 Maharajganj 193 Barhara
32 Benipatti 113 Ekma 194 Arrah
33 Khajauli 114 Manjhi 195 Agiaon (SC)
34 Babubarhi 115 Baniapur 196 Tarari
35 Bisfi 116 Taraiya 197 Jagdishpur
36 Madhubani 117 Marhaura 198 Shahpur
37 Rajnagar(SC) 118 Chapra 199 Brahampur
38 Jhanjharpur 119 Garkha(SC) 200 Buxar
39 Phulparas 120 Amnour 201 Dumraon
40 Laukaha 121 Parsa 202 Rajpur(SC)
41 Nirmali 122 Sonepur 203 Ramgarh
43 Supaul 123 Hajipur 204 Mohania(SC)
44 Triveniganj(SC) 124 Lalganj 205 Bhabua
45 Chhatapur 125 Vaishali 206 Chainpur
46 Narpatganj 126 Mahua 207 Chenari(SC)
47 Raniganj(SC) 128 Raghopur 208 Sasaram
48 Forbesganj 127 Raja Pakar(SC) 209 Kargahar
49 Araria 129 Mahnar 210 Dinara
50 Jokihat 130 Patepur(SC) 211 Nokha
51 Sikti 131 Kalyanpur(SC) 212 Dehri
52 Bahadurganj 132 Warisnagar 213 Karakat
53 Thakurganj 133 Samastipur 214 Arwal
54 Kishanganj 134 Ujiarpur 215 Kurtha
56 Amour 135 Morwa 216 Jehanabad
55 Kochadhaman 136 Sarairanjan 217 Ghosi
57 Baisi 137 Mohiuddinnagar 218 Makhdumpur(SC)
58 Kasba 138 Bibhutipur 219 Goh
59 Banmankhi(SC) 139 Rosera(SC) 220 Obra
60 Rupauli 140 Hasanpur 221 Nabinagar
61 Dhamdaha 141 Cheria Bariarpur 222 Kutumba(SC)
62 Purnia 142 Bachhwara 223 Aurangabad
63 Katihar 143 Teghra 224 Rafiganj
64 Kadwa 144 Matihani 225 Gurua
65 Balrampur 145 Sahebpur Kamal 226 Sherghati
66 Pranpur 146 Begusarai 227 Imamganj(SC)
67 Manihari(ST) 147 Bakhri(SC) 228 Barachatti(SC)
68 Barari 148 Alauli(SC) 229 Bodh Gaya(SC)
69 Korha(SC) 149 Khagaria 230 Gaya Town
70 Alamnagar 150 Beldaur 231 Tikari
71 Bihariganj 151 Parbatta 232 Belaganj
72 Singheshwar(SC) 152 Bihpur 234 Wazirganj
42 Pipra 153 Gopalpur 233 Atri
73 Madhepura 154 Pirpainti(SC) 235 Rajauli(SC)
74 Sonbarsha(SC) 155 Kahalgaon 236 Hisua
75 Saharsa 156 Bhagalpur 237 Nawada
77 Mahishi 157 Sultanganj 238 Gobindpur
76 Simri Bakhtiarpur 158 Nathnagar 239 Warsaliganj
78 Kusheshwar Asthan(SC) 159 Amarpur 240 Sikandra(SC)
79 Gaura Bauram 160 Dhauraiya(SC) 241 Jamui
80 Benipur 161 Banka 242 Jhajha
81 Alinagar 162 Katoria(ST) 243 Chakai


     


     

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