Home   »   Art & Culture   »   Indian Classical Music

Indian Classical Music

The origin of Indian classical music is found in the oldest Hindu scripture called Samaveda. It has the most complex and complete musical system with eight basic notes of Sa,Re,Ga,Ma,Pa,Dha,Ni and Sa. It is monophonic in nature.

The instruments used in Indian Classical music are veena, mridangam, tabla, kanjira, tambura, flute, sitar,violin, gottuvadyam and sarangi. The two main styles of Indian Classical music are Hindustani music(North India) and Carnatic music(South India).

The main themes of Hindustani music are Lord Krishna and the beauty of nature. Some notable advocates of Hindustani music are Allauddin Khan, Vilayat Khan, Bismillah Khan, Bhimsen Joshi and many more.

Carnatic music is an ancient form of music that originated in Southern India. Its origin is believed to be divine. Some of its leading composers are Mysore Sadasiva Rao, Tyagaraja , Muthuswami Dikshitar and others.

The various forms of Indian classical music are:

  • khayal
  • ghazal
  • thumri
  • dhrupad
  • dhamar
  • tarana
  • trivat
  • chaiti
  • kajari
  • tappa
  • tapkhyal
  • ashtapadi
  • bhajan.
Related Links
Carnatic Music
Dr.L.Subramaniam Muthuswami Dikshitar
Dr.M.Balamuralikrishna Prince Rama Varma
Lalgudi Jayaraman Sanjay Subramaniam
Hindustani Music
Allauddin Khan Pt. Ravi Shankar
Bhimsen Joshi Ustad Amjad Ali Khan
Bismillah Khan Zakir Hussain
Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia
Indian Classical Music
Dr. K.J.Yesudas Pandit Ganpati Bhatt