Bikaner is located in the northern part of Rajasthan and lies 316 kms from Jaipur, 240 km from Jodhpur and 330 km from and Jaisalmer. The desert city shares its boundary with Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Nagaur and even Pakistan.
Bikaner is well connected to other parts of the state and the country by air, rail and road.
- Air: The nearest airport is Jodhpur Airport.
- Rail: Bikaner is connected with Delhi, Jaipur and Jodhpur and other parts of India through rail network.
- Road: Bikaner is also accessible by roads and buses are available.
Rao Bikaji, a Rathore prince founded Bikaner in 1488 AD by transforming the barren land Jangladesh into a striking city. Later with the initiative of Maharaja Ganga Singh, Bikaner became a noteworthy princely state. Bikaner was also an important trade route that was linked with China and Central Asia.
Places to Visit
Junagarh Fort- This fort was erected in1593 A.D by Raja Rai Singh, the illustrious general of the army of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The fortress is bounded by a moat and consists of 37 palaces and pavilions including Chandra Mahal, Phool Mahal and Karan Mahal. The museum within the fort encloses priceless miniature paintings and extraordinary antiques that are of great interest for art lovers.
Lalgarh Palace-This majestic palace built by Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji in 1902 is a magnum opus in red sandstone. This architectural wonder was created by the fusion of Rajput, Mughal and European architecture and exhibits superb craftsmanship in the form of striking latticework and filigree work.
Jain Haveli- Bikaner abounds in beautiful havelis- the ancient luxurious mansions with sprawling courtyards where the nobles or the affluent people of Rajasthan lived. These havelies belonged to the Kotharis, Rampurias,Vaids and Dagas and were located in the regions like Gogagate, Daddhon Ka Chowk and so on.
Bhandeswari Jain Temple- This fifteenth century temple is the oldest shrine of Bikaner and is adorned with mirrorwork, frescos and gold leaf paintings.
Apart from these other major tourist attractions are Camel Research and Breeding Farm, Gajner Palace, Deshnoke Temple, Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, Shri Sadul Museum, and Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary.
|Lat Long||28.016453, 73.311324|
|Area||28, 466 km2|
|Population as per 2011||647804|
|Official Languages||Hindi & Marwadi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Transport||Bus, Rail, Local Transport|
|Food and Cuisine||Pakodi, Gatta ki Sabji, Khata, Papad, Mangodi, Buttermilk, Butter, Alu Bhujiya, Sweet Dishes, Chutney and Rabdi etc.|
|Religion||Hindus 78% Muslims15% Jains 4.7% Others 1.3%|
|Festival||International Camel Festival, Karni Mata Fair, Gangaur, Kapil Muni fair, Punarasar Fair, Kodamdesar Mela, Kolayat Mela, Siyana Bhairoon mela, Camel Festival, Aksaye Tritya or Akkha Teej, Kartik Poornima, Rammat, Pata etc|
|Monuments||Junagarh Fort, Ganga Singh Museum, Jain Haveli, Bhandeswari, Sadul Museum, Prachina Museum|
|Places of interest||Junagarh Fort, Fort Museum, Lalgarh Palace, Camel Breeding Farm, Shiv Bari Temple, Prachina Museum, Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, Sadal Museum, Deshnok Temple, Laxmi Nath Temple, Prachina Museum, Kote Gate, Jain Temple Bhandasar, Jain Haveli, Lalgarh Palace, Mukam Temple, etc.|
|Markets||Kote Gate, Station Road, Junagarh Fort, Abhivyakti, MG Road, Gramin Haat, Gangashahar Bazaar etc.|
|Hotel||The Laxmi Niwas Palace, Gajner Palace Hotel, Hotel Harasar Haveli, Karni Bhawan Palace, Hotel Shri Ram Heritage, Heritage Resort Bikaner, Lallgarh Palace, Hotel Desert Winds, Hotel Jaswant Bhawan, Hotel Bhairon Vilas, Hotel Heeralal, Hotel Maharaj Ganga Mahal, Balaji Resort, Marudyan Resort, Kochar's Hotel Marudhar Heritage etc.|
|Industries||Woolen Industry, Ceramic Industry, Bhujiya and Namkeen Industry etc.|
|University/College||Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jaisalmer Road, Bikaner, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, ikaner Technical University, Government Polytechnic College, College of Engineering & Technology, Government Engineering College, Sardar Patel Medical College, Marudhar Engineering College, Manda Institute of Technology, Government Maharani Sudsharan College for Women etc.|
|Notable people||Karni Singh, Rameshwar Lal Dudi, Bulaki Das Kalla, Reshma, Bharat Vyas - Bollywood Lyricist, Ghulam Mohammad - Music composer, Bollywood, Harish Bhadani- A famous Hindi and Rajasthani Poet, Narpat Singh Rajvi - former Minister and MLA, Sudhir Tailang - Famous Cartoonist, started with Illustrated weekly then Nav Bharat Times, Hindustan Times, Rajyashree Kumari-is a former shooter from India. She was conferred the Arjuna Award in shooting in 1968.|
Last Updated on : June 16, 2014