The Congress candidate fielded from the historic seat of Lucknow, Rita Joshi, was confident of winning the election of 2014. Her reasoning ran this: She was a local candidate who the people knew well, whereas Rajnath Singh was an outsider whose only claim to fame was jumping constituencies every now and then.
It's interesting to note the pattern and forces that helped this landslide victory.
What helped Rajnath Singh win from Lucknow
The two most important factors that resulted in this BJP victory were th pro-Modi and anti-Congress sentiment. Uttar Pradesh received special attention of the BJP, and the result has been a rout on 73 of the 80 seats. While there's no doubt that Joshi enjoys popularity as a local candidate, this time the issues of development and good governance were predominant in people's mind. Moreover, the scam-ridden Congress government had little chance of appeasing the voter.
A more subtle factor, however, lies in Lucknow's history. This was the constituency from where Atal Bihari Vajpayee was elected MP in 1998. Vajpayee has been the most popular BJP Prime Minister, and at a time when development and strong governance are critical, the memories of those days must have played an important role. It is worth mentioning that Singh managed to surpass Vajpayee's record also in term of victory margin.
Finally, the Aam Aadmi Party's experiment in the form of Javed Jaffery failed miserably. People could not connect to him as a political leader, and as a result he had to contend with merely 41,000 votes.
Lucknow General Election Result 2014
|Raj Nath Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party||561106|
|Prof. Rita Bahuguna Joshi||Indian National Congress||288357|
|Nakul Dubey||Bahujan Samaj Party||64449|
|Abhishek Misra||Samajwadi Party||56771|
|Syed Javed Ahmed Jafri||Aam Aadmi Party||41429|
|Suman Verma||Bhartiya Shakti Chetna Party||1901|
|Mohd. Sarwar Malik||All India Trinamool Congress||1486|
|Sanjeev Mehrotra Alias Pikku Bhai||Bahujan Kranti Party (Marxwad-Ambedkarwad)||1174|
|Syed Ali Husain||Independent||1100|
|Shishu Pal Yadav||Rashtriya Viklang Party||851|
|Sunil Singh||Lok Dal||849|
|Tara Patkar||Swarajya Party Of India||743|
|Subhash Chandra Lehri||Independent||719|
|Hari Ram Alias Haribhai Patel||Samyak Parivartan Party||694|
|Padam Chandra Gupta||Independent||661|
|Shailendra Singh Yadav||Independent||607|
|Vijay Bahadur Singh||Manavtawadi Samaj Party||575|
|Radha Krishnan||Uttar Pradesh Republican Party||542|
|Raj Kumar Singh||National Youth Party||523|
|Ramphal Rawat||Bharatiya Nav Kranti Party||502|
|Nand Kumar Lodhi Rajpoot||Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party||445|
|Vinay Prakash Mishra||Independent||441|
|Rajeev Ranjan Tiwari Alias Raj Behari||Independent||391|
|Rabi Dubey||Nagrik Ekta Party||361|
|Yogesh Chandra Bhatt||Independent||337|
|None of the Above||None of the Above||4596|