"Alpha World City" was the title given to Mumbai in the year 2009 as it is the richest city in South and Central Asia with the highest GDP rate. It boasts of busiest port handling major Indian foreign trade and International airport. The Mumbai stock exchange is ranked as the third largest in the world.
Introduction to Mumbai is incomplete without mentioning 'Bollywood' - the biggest Indian film industry which produces maximum number is movies in the world annually.
History of Mumbai
Briefing the historical significance of Mumbai it is known that the name "Mumbai" is derived from Mumba or Maha Amba - the name of Koli goddess Mumbadevi. In 1661, King Charles II received 'Bombay' as dowry which was later undertaken by East India Company in 1668.
After independence of India in 1947, Bombay was reconstructed into Bombay state and Mumbai emerged into colossal financial and entertainment.
Presently, it is the global financial, information, entertainment and industrial hub and had become the largest city of South Asia.
Mumbai Geography and Climate
Mumbai is segmented into two district regions - Mumbai Suburban district and Mumbai city district. The entire Suburban area comes under Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) and remaining areas are take care by Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park.
It is enveloped by Arabian Sea to the west and this makes it one of the major trading hubs in the world.
The city is affected by tropical climate under the Koppen climate classification. It has seven months of dry weather and heavy rains in July. December to February marks the winters which is followed by summers from March to June. South west monsoon hits from June to September and from October to November is post monsoon season.
Economy of Mumbai
Mumbai city is the financial and commercial capital of India. It prides in generating 6.16 per cent of country's total GDP. It contributes 10 percent of factory employment, 25 percent of industrial production, 30 percent of Income Tax collection, 60 percent of customs, 20 percent of central excise tax collection and 40 percent of Indian foreign trade.
There are many colossal companies based in Mumbai which includes Larsen and Toubro, SBI, LIC, Tata Group, Godrej, Reliance and more than five Fortune Global 500 companies. It is noteworthy that there are many foreign banks and financial institutions which have major branches spread across the city. The World Trade Centre being the prominent one.
The Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index 2008 has ranked Mumbai on 48th position. It prides in holding the 7th rank in the list of 'Top Ten Cities for Billionaires' by Forbes magazine.
Civic administration in Mumbai
Mumbai is one of the largest cities that stretch from Colaba in the south to Mulund in the north. It extends from Mankhurd in the east and is administered by BMC. The Municipal Commissioner is the chief executive officer and heads the Municipal Corporation.
The revenue districts of Mumbai are under the jurisdiction of District Collector. The Police Commissioner is in charge of the Mumbai Police. Mumbai is the center of 'Bombay High Court' which exercises its jurisdiction on states of Maharashtra, Goa and the Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
Attractions in Mumbai (in and around)
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
- Film City
- Gateway of India
- Mumbai University
- Nariman Point
- Navi Mumbai
- Prithvi Theatre
- Mahalaxmi Racecourse
- Malabar Hill
- Rajabai Tower
- Town Hall
- Madh Island Beach
- Versova Beach
- Chowpatty Beach
- Juhu Beach
- Marine Drive
- Hanging Gardens
- Circle Gardens
- Flora Fountain
- Kamala Nehru Park
- Sanjay Gandhi National Park
- Victoria Gardens
- Bombay Natural History Society
- Mani Bhavan
- National Gallery of Modern Art
- Nehru Planetarium
- Prince of Wales Museum
- Victoria & Albert Museum
- Powai Lake
- Tulsi Lake
- Vihar Lake
- Haji Ali
- ISKCON Temple
- Mahalaxmi Temple
- Mumba Devi Temple
- Mount Mary Church
- Siddhivinayak Temple
- St Michael's Church
- St Thomas Cathedral
- Essel World
- Fantasy Land
- Nishiland Water Park
- Shangrila Waterpark
- Suraj Water Park
- Water Kingdom
- Chor Bazaar
- Crawford Market
- Fashion Street
- Zaveri Bazaar
Other tourist's attractions near Mumbai City
- Ajanta & Ellora Caves
- Aurangabad Caves
- Elephanta Caves
- Kanheri Caves
Hotels in Mumbai City
- Le Meridien Mumbai
- Grand Hyatt Mumbai
- Taj Lands End Mumbai
- Sun-N-Sand Mumbai
- Leela Kempinski Mumbai
- Hyatt Regency Mumbai
- Taj Mahal Mumbai
|Mumbai City Information|
|Area||603 km2 (233 sq mi)|
|Population||13830884 as Census January 2011|
|Population Density||22,937/km2 (59,410/sq mi) as Census January 2011|
|Language||Marathi, Gujrati, Hindi, Kannad, Telgu, Entlish|
|Literacy Rate||89.21% as Census January 2011|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lat Long||18.9750° N, 72.8258° E|
|Religion||Hinduism, Muslim, Budhist, Jains, Christian|
|Festivals||Banganga (Jan), Elephanta festival (18-19 Feb), Gudhi Padava (Mar-Apr), Nariyal Poornima (Aug), Ganesh Chaturthi (Aug-Sep), Bandra Feast (Sep), Diwali(Oct-Nov)|
|University||SNDT Women's University, University Institute of Chemical Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay)|
|Sister Cities||Berlin, London, Los Angeles, Saint Petersburg, Yokohama.|
|Sports||Wankhede Stadium (Cricket), Brabourne Stadium (Cricket),|
|Airport||Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Navi Mumbai International Airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel|
|Railway Station||Mumbai Central (BCT) Mumbai Railway Station, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai Central, Bandra Terminus, Andheri and Borivali, Mono Rail(Under Construction), Mumbai Metro (Under Construction)|
|Port||Mumbai Port Trust and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust|
|Tourist Attractions||Bassein (Vasai) Fort, Bandra Fort, Basilica of Mount Mary Bandra, Bhuleshwar, Bombay Natural History Museum, Elephanta Caves, Gateway of India, Haji Ali Mosque, The Imperial Towers, Kanheri Caves, Mahalaxmi Temple, Worli Fort, Worli Sea Face|
|Nearby Tourist Attractions||Matheran, Khandala, Lonavala, Alibag, Pune, Daman, Mahabaleshwar|
|Popular Things||Bollywood, Tellywood, Hotel Taj Mahal, Haji Ali Mosque, Jehangir Art Gallery, Bandra Fort|
|Notable People||Amitabh Bacchan, Sachin Tendulkar, Dileep Kumar, Aishwarya Ray, Sushmita Sen, Aamir Khan, Akshay Kumar, Gurudat, Lata Mangeshkar, Kishor Kumar, Dada Sahab Falke.|
Last Updated on : 28/09/2013