Himachal Pradesh General (Lok Sabha) Elections 2014
|*Map Showing the Parliamentary Constituencies of Himachal Pradesh State.||Disclaimer|
|*Map Showing Himachal Pradesh General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout.||Disclaimer|
Himachal Pradesh Lok Sabha Election 2014 Dates
*Himachal Pradesh polling date: 07 May (Phase 8)
*Himachal Pradesh polling date: 07 May (Phase 8)
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Issue of Notification||Last Date for filing Nominations||Scrutiny of Nominations||Last date for withdrawal of Candidature||Polling Date||Counting of Votes||Date before which the election shall be Completed|
|1||Kangra||GEN||12 April||19 April||21 April||23 April||7 May||16 May||28 May|
|2||Mandi||GEN||12 April||19 April||21 April||23 April||7 May||16 May||28 May|
|3||Hamirpur||GEN||12 April||19 April||21 April||23 April||7 May||16 May||28 May|
|4||Shimla||(SC)||12 April||19 April||21 April||23 April||7 May||16 May||28 May|
Himachal Pradesh is a state located in northern India. It was originally a centrally administered territory comprising of 30 former princely states. It became a Union Territory in 1956, and on 25 January 1971 it was granted the status of a separate state of India, after the State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1970 was passed by the Indian Parliament. It is the 18th state of India, and is divided into 12 districts.
Member Representation at the Centre
Himachal Pradesh has four Lok Sabha constituencies, Kangra, Shimla, Mandi and Hamirpur. Of these, Shimla is reserved for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes (SC). The state sends three members to the Rajya Sabha.
The state legislature is unicameral and has 68 members.
Main Political Parties
The prominent national-level political parties that have their presence in Himachal Pradesh are :
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
- Communist party of India [CPI(M)]
- All India tribes and Minorities Front
- Him Loktantric Morcha
- Himachal Kranti Party
- Himachal Vikas Congress
- Himachal Pradesh Lok Raj Party
- Janhit Morcha
- Loktantric Morcha Himachal Pradesh
In the electoral politics of Himachal Pradesh, the INC and the BJP have been the most prominent players. The INC was in power from 1952 to 1956. Himachal Pradesh was made a Union Territory in 1956 and the office of the Chief Minister ceased to exist from 1956 to 1963. In 1963, elections were held again, and INC came to power, and retained its hold till 1977. In the 1977 elections, the dominance of the INC was challenged by the Janata Party which went on to form the government. The INC made a comeback in the 1980 elections and remained in power till 1990. The BJP won the 1990 elections, and has been a force to reckon within the state since then. Post 1990, the BJP and INC have formed government on alternate basis. The INC won the 1993, 2003 and the recent 2012 elections while the BJP formed government after the 1998 and 2007 elections.
The state was under President's rule on two occasions.
In the elections to the Lok Sabha, the INC had a clean sweep till the 1971 elections. In the 1977 elections, the Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLD) emerged victorious. However, the INC bounced back in the 1984 elections and won all the seats. It repeated this spectacular performance again in the 1996 elections. The BJP emerged as the biggest party for the first time in the 1989 elections, and replicated this feat in the 1998 and the 2009 elections as well. In 1991 elections, the BJP and INC won two seats each, while in the 2004 elections, the INC emerged as the leading party in the state.
Prominent Political Personalities
Elections to the Lok Sabha were held in Himachal Pradesh on 7 May 2014. Some prominent political personalities who participated in the Lok Sabha elections this year are:
- Shanta Kumar : He is the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh. He is also a former member of the Lok Sabha and a Union Minister. He is currently a member of the BJP and contested the 16th Lok Sabha elections from Kangra.
- Anurag Thakur : He is the sitting MP from Hamirpur constituency and the President of All India Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha. He was the BJP candidate from Hamirpur.
- Pratibha Singh : She is the wife of Chief Minister Vir Bhadra Singh, and a member of the 15th Lok Sabha. She contested elections from Mandi on a INC ticket.
- Dr. Rajan Sushant : He is a four-time MP from the state and is well known for his participation in worker and farmer movements, including the Jaypee Pond Dam rehabilitation. He is a former politician from the BJP. He recently joined AAP and was the party's candidate from Kangra.
- Jagat Ram : He is the CPI(M) candidate from Shimla. He is the secretary of the Shimla branch of the Centre of Indian Trade Unions and the secretary of the Lal Jhanda Union.
Some important politicians of Himachal Pradesh are:
- Yashwant Singh Parmar : A prominent politician of the INC, he was the first Chief Minister of the independent state. It was during his tenure that Himachal Pradesh was granted full statehood. He also served as the Lieutenant Governor when Himachal Pradesh was made a Union Territory in 1956.
- Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur : She was an important leader of the INC and a noted Gandhian. She was elected to the first Lok Sabha from Mandi and was the first female cabinet minister of India.
- Satyawati Dang : She was a prominent member of the INC and was the President of the Himachal Pradesh Congress Committee from 1964 to 1969. She also represented the state in the Rajya Sabha from 1968 to 1974.
- Thakur Ram Lal : He is a former Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh and an important leader of the INC from the state. He was the leader of the opposition during the tenure of the Janata Dal government from 1977 to 1980. He is also a former governor of Andhra Pradesh.
- Prem Kumar Dhumal : He is an important leader of the BJP and has served twice as the Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh. He is also a former leader of the opposition in the state legislative assembly.
- Vir Bhadra Singh : He is the present Chief Minister of the state. He has held the position thrice, from 1983 to 1990, from 1993 to 1998 and from 2003 to 2007. He is also a former member of the Lok Sabha.
No. of PCs : 4
No. of Polling Days : 1
Polling Dates : 07 May (Phase 8)
No. of Polling Stations : 7,382
No. of Polling Station locations : 6,696
Total Electors : 46,74,185 (as on 9th January 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years : 12.57%
Women Electors : 48.87%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate : Rs. 70 lakhs
Himachal Pradesh Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|1||Kangra||GEN||Dr. Rajan Sushant||M||BJP||322254|
|3||Hamirpur||GEN||Anurag Singh Thakur||M||BJP||373598|
|Parliamentary Constituencies in Himachal Pradesh|
|PC No.||PC Name||PC No.||PC Name|
Last Updated on : June 18, 2014