District Courts of India

The District Courts of India are chaired through a judge. Impartiality is practiced by these courts at the district level in India. The Indian District Courts are under the judicial and administrative control of the State's High Court to which a particular district belongs.

Every district's highest court is presided over by the Sessions and District Judge. This is the major court of public authority. There are numerous other courts subsidiary to the court of District and Sessions Judge. Three tier system of courts exists in India. Under the District and the Sessions Court there are many other courts.

On the civil side the court of Civil Judge is at the lowest level. The court of the Judicial Magistrate is at the lowest level in the Criminal front. The civil cases of small financial hazard are decided by the Junior Division Civil Judge. The criminal cases punishable with five years imprisonment are decided by the Judicial Magistrates.

The civil cases are taken to the Court of Civil Judge or the Senior Division and the court of the Chief Judicial Magistrate handles the criminal cases. At the topmost level, there may be more than one court of additional sessions and district judge with similar legal authority vested to the Sessions and District Judge.

The characteristic feature of district judiciary is that judicial independence is provided to each of the courts. There is a strong bar in every district that ensures that the decisions of the courts are according to the law and the verdicts are given without any type of act of kindness or terror.

Last Updated on 1st Oct 2012