Politics of India

Politics of India is concentrated in the framework of a parliamentary system that is federal and a democratic republic. The politics of India is based on a multi-party system, which is modeled according to the British Westminster System of government. As per the Indian politics, the head of the government is the Prime Minister, while the President of the nation is the formal head of the government. The President, according to the politics of India, has some of the reserved powers that he can use during emergency situations. The government of India exercises the executive powers while the federal powers are distributed among the government and the two Houses in the Parliament.

There are two Houses in the political system in India, namely, the Lok Sabha or the House of the People and the Rajya Sabha or the House of Councils. The people of the country elect the members of the Lok Sabha, which is headed by the Prime Minister. There are also three divisions in the politics of India, which are listed as:
  • The Legislative Branch
  • The Executive Branch
  • The Judicial Branch

The working of the politics of India is conducted according to the laws of the land, which are created after the bill clears both the upper House and the lower House of the Parliament. The Bill is signed as an Act only after the signature of the President.
The various political parties of Indian politics play an important role in defining the basic framework of the same. These parties are divided into parts namely national political parties and regional political parties. The candidates of National parties take part in elections all over India, while the regional parties can contest only the State elections.
Some of the National Parties of India are:
  1. Bharatiya Janata Party
  2. Indian National Congress
  3. Samajwadi Party
  4. Communist Party of India (Marxist)
  5. Bahujan Samaj Party
  6. Communist Party of India
Some of the Regional Parties under the politics of India are:
  1. Telegu Desam
  2. Dravida Munnetra Kazagham (DMK)
  3. Shiv Sena
  4. Akali Dal

Last Updated on 28 September 2012