Constitution of India




Constitution of India is the system which governs the Republic of India and the Indian Government works according to this system. The Constitution of India was adopted in the year 1949, on the 26th of November, by the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution of India, however, came into force on the 26th of January, in the year 1950. The President of India heads the Constitution of India, who is also the executive and the constitutional authority of the same.

There are 12 Schedules and 395 Articles in the Constitution of India. Many amendments have been made to the Constitution since the time of its inception. Till 2006, there have been 94 Amendments made to the constitution. The 395 Articles come under 22 parts of the constitution.

According to the article 79 in the Indian Constitution, the Parliament of India comprises of the executive head, that is, the President and the two houses by the name of Lok Sabha (the House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (the Council of States). There is also a head to advise the President and to govern the body of the Council of Ministers. This head is designated at the post of the Prime Minister of India. Due to this reason, the real executive power remains in the hands of the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

Every state in India has its own Legislative Assembly, with some of the states also containing the upper House or the State Legislative Council. Each state has a Governor who is appointed by the President in order to take care of the State's interests.

Detailed information on various aspects of the Constitution of India can be availed from the following links:




Last Updated on 1st Oct 2012