Culture and Heritage of India

The culture and heritage of India features a high degree of diversity and vibrancy. India is a country of different religious beliefs. As such, there is an intermingling of culture in India. People speak in different languages; have different food and dressing habits.

There are also some tribal groups in India. Th names of some of the tribes in India are Oraon, Khasi (Meghalaya), Santhal, Mizo (Mizoram), Munda, Lushai, Meities (Manipur) and Naga (Nagaland). Oraon, Santhal and Munda are found in the eastern and central part of India. Hindi is the national language of India. However, there are 14 other official languages of India. These are:
  1. Bengali
  2. Marathi
  3. Sanskrit
  4. Tamil
  5. Gujarati
  6. Kashmiri
  7. Malayalam
  8. Oriya
  9. Punjabi
  10. Assamese
  11. Urdu
  12. Sindhi
  13. Telugu
  14. Kannada
As per the history, the Aryans used to dwell in the north-western part and Gangetic plain of the nation. On the other hand, the Mongoloids resided in the region of the Himalayas. The traits of the religions of India are reflected in the culture and heritage of India. The people of India follow the following religions:
  • Hinduism
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Jainism
  • Sikhism
  • Buddhism
  • Zoroastrianism
Throughout the year, a large number of festivals are celebrated with extreme enthusiasm and grandeur. Some of these festivals of India are:
  • March-April: Ramanavami, Mahavir Jayanti, Easter
  • April-May: Eid-Milad-un-Nabi, Buddha Jayanti
  • June-July: Rath Yatra
  • July-August: Raksha Bandhan, Naag Panchami
  • August-September: Independence day, Ganesh Chaturthi, Janmastami
  • September-October: Navratri, Durga Puja, Gandhi Jayanti
  • October-November: Diwali, Eid-al-fitr, Ramadan
  • November-December: Nanak Jayanti
  • December-January: Christmas, New Year, Losar
  • January-February: Republic Day, Pongal
  • Februaru-March: Holi, Shivratri, Muharram
There are also differences in the cuisine of various regions of India. The various Indian culinary types include:
  • Mughlai
  • Punjabi
  • Maharashtrian
  • Rajasthani
  • Hyderabadi
  • Bengali
  • Gujarati and so on.
The traditional cloth of the women in India is sari whereas that for men is dhoti. There is also a variety in the arts, music and dances of India. The artistic marvel can be located in the huge number of temples and historical monuments. There is a variety in dance form too: one is the folk dance and the other is the classical dance. Classical dances include Bharat Natyam, Kathakali, Odissi, Kuchipudi, Kathak and Manipuri. Carnatic and Hindustani music are dominant parts of the musical culture of India.

Last Updated on 1st Oct 2012



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