Government of India


Official name of the Government of India



Indian Government is officially called as the Union Government.

Are there any other names of Government of the Indian Republic?



The Government of the country of India is even famously regarded as the Central Government.

Republic of India



It means the combination and togetherness of the seven Union Territories and twenty eight states of the nation.

Governing body of States and Union Territories of India



The Republic of India is governed by the Indian Government formed by the Constitution of India, which is the chief governing authority of India formulated on 26th January, 1950. The country follows a democratic form of government.

Where is the Union Government of India seated?



The Central Government of India operates from New Delhi which is the national capital city of the country.

What or who are India's Government comprise of?



India's Union Government is mainly divided into three branches, which are:
  • The Executive
  • The Judiciary
  • The Legislative

What is meant by the Executive form of Union Government?



Comprising of the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister and the Cabinet Ministers of India, the Executive branch of the nation's government is entirely responsible for state bureaucracy's daily administration.

Being the Head of State, the President of India heads the country's government. As per the Article 53 (1) of the Constitution of India, an Indian President has got the authority to exercise the vested executive and constitutional powers directly or via the subordinate officers. As mentioned in Article 74 of the Indian Constitution, the country's President acts in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister of the Republic, who is the head of the government. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President though. Apart from the Prime Minister, India's President even appoints Council of Ministers' members as well as numerous other high ranked government officials post consulting with the Prime Minister.

The Vice President, who occupies the second rank in the government hierarchy after the rank of the President, is vested with the legislative power to act as Rajya Sabha's Chairperson. He or she can even take charge of the Government of India for a maximum period of 6 months, in case the existing President resigns, dies or is removed from the government.

Judiciary form of Central Government



Headed by the Supreme Court of India, the Judiciary branch is composed of 21 High Courts and many district level civil, family as well as criminal courts. The judicial system of India comprises of a unitary system. The judicial aspects of the Indian citizens are taken care of by the criminal and civil laws mentioned in the Civil Procedure Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and the Indian Penal Code. The system of law applicable to the Union as well as State Governments is solely based on the Statutory Law and Common Law of English. The jurisdiction accepted by the country of India is International Court of Justice. It includes several reservations though.

In addition to the advisory, appellate and original jurisdictions prevalent in the country's Supreme Court, Article 32 of the Constitution of India provides another original and extensive jurisdiction related to the Fundamental Rights enforcement.

Legislative form of India Government



This branch of Indian Government is commonly known as the Parliament, which comprises of the Indian President, Prime Minister, the Rajya Sabha (The Upper House or the "Council of States") and the Lok Sabha (The Lower House or the "House of the People"). The parliamentary form of government is said to be bicameral because of these two houses. Rajya Sabha has got 250 seats, where members get elected indirectly whereas; Lok Sabha has got 552 seats, where the members are directly elected. Based on the Westminster System prevalent in the United Kingdom (U. K.), this form of Government enjoys supremacy.

The Prime Minister of India along with the Council of Ministers forms the Parliament. If any of them is not a M. P. (Member of Parliament) during the time of their election, he or she has to become Parliament's member within a maximum time period of 6 months from the date when they resume their respective office. Their responsibilities are twofold: individual and collective.

The individual responsibility of any of the Council of Ministers includes being the in-charge of one or more given ministry or portfolio. The collective responsibility makes those ministers along with the Indian Prime Minister accountable for any lapse or policy failure of the government.

Is Indian Civil Service a part of the Central Government?



Being a permanent bureaucracy of the country's Government, Indian Civil Service forms a part of the Government of India. The executive policies and decisions taken by the government are implemented by the I. C. S. Officers, the civil servants of India, who are the high ranked employees of the Indian Government appointed post clearing the civil service examination.

Who is current President of India?



The existing Indian President is Pranab Mukherjee.

Who is India's present Vice President?



Shri Mohd. Hamid Ansari is the current Vice President of India.

What is the name of the existing Prime Minster of India?



India's present Prime Minster is Shri Manmohan Singh.

Last Updated on 22 September 2011