Government of India

What is the official name of the Government of India (GoI)?

The Indian Government is officially known as the Union Government.

Are there any other names for the Government of the Indian Republic?

The Government of India is also known as the Central Government.

Republic of India

It means the union of 29 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India.

Governing body of States and Union Territories of India

The Republic of India was established by the Constitution of India. It is governed by the Indian Government which is the chief governing authority of India formulated on 26th January, 1950. The country follows a democratic form of government.

Where is the Union Government of India seated?

The Central Government of India is based in New Delhi, the capital of India.

What are branches of the Indian Government?

India's Union Government is mainly divided into three wings which are:
  • The Executive
  • The Judiciary
  • The Legislative

What is meant by the Executive form of Union Government?

Comprising the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister and the Cabinet Ministers of India, the Executive branch of the nation's government is entirely responsible for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy.

Being the Head of State, the President of India heads the country's government. As per the Article 53 (1) of the Constitution of India, an Indian President has got the authority to exercise the vested executive and constitutional powers directly or via the subordinate officers. As mentioned in Article 74 of the Indian Constitution, the country's President acts in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister of the Republic, who is the head of the government? The Prime Minister is appointed by the President though. Apart from the Prime Minister, the President even appoints Council of Ministers' members as well as numerous other high ranking government officials after consultation with the Prime Minister.

The President is de jure Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

The Vice President, who occupies the second rank in the government hierarchy after the rank of the President, is vested with the legislative power to act as Rajya Sabha's Chairperson.


Headed by the Supreme Court of India, the Judiciary consists of 21 High Courts and many district level civil, family as well as criminal courts. The judicial aspects are taken care of by the criminal and civil laws mentioned in the Civil Procedure Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and the Indian Penal Code. The system of law applicable to the Union as well as State Governments is solely based on the Statutory Law and Common Law.

In addition to the advisory, appellate and original jurisdictions prevalent in the country's Supreme Court, Article 32 of the Constitution of India provides another original and extensive jurisdiction related to the Fundamental Rights enforcement.


This branch of Indian Government is commonly known as Parliament consisting of the President of India, the Rajya Sabha (The Upper House or the "Council of States"), and the Lok Sabha. The parliamentary form of government is said to be bicameral because of these two houses. In Rajya Sabha, members get elected indirectly whereas Lok Sabha members are directly elected. Based on the Westminster System prevalent in the United Kingdom (U K), this form of Government enjoys supremacy but its laws are subject to judicial review by the Supreme Court of India. The members of cabinet, including the prime minister and the Council of Ministers, are either members of Parliament or elected thereto within six months of assuming office.

Is Indian Civil Service a part of the Central Government?

Being a permanent bureaucracy of the country's Government, Indian Civil Service forms a part of the Government of India. The executive policies and decisions taken by the government are implemented by the civil servants, who are the high ranked employees of the Indian Government appointed after clearing the civil services examination.

Who is the current President of India?

The existing Indian President is Pranab Mukherjee.

Who is India's present Vice President?

Shri Mohd. Hamid Ansari is the current Vice President of India.

What is the name of the existing Prime Minster of India?

India's present Prime Minster is Shri Narendra Modi.

Last Updated on : July 16, 2014