Supreme Court of India


The Supreme Court of India is the apex court in India. It is a constitutional body as laid down by Part V of the Chapter V of the Constitution of India. It was founded on January 26, 1950.

As stated by the Indian Constitution, the function of the Supreme Court of India is that of a custodian of the Constitution, a court established by the authority of a federal government, and the uppermost court of appeal.

Articles 124 to 147 of the Indian Constitution delineate the constitution and legal authority of the Supreme Court of India. In terms of legal relief, the Supreme Court of India is principally the only remaining option and uppermost court of appeal which listens to appeals in opposition to verdicts of the High Courts of the union territories and states.

However, the apex court of India deals with written appeals with regards to incidents of severe human rights violations or if a case entails a crucial matter that requires instant settlement as well. The apex court of the country conducted its opening session on January 28, 1950. From that phase, the apex court has delivered over 24,000 reported verdicts.

The apex court of India consists of the Chief Justice of India and not above 30 other judges designated by the President of India. Nevertheless, the President should designate the judges by discussion with the apex court. The appointments are usually conducted according to senior status and not political inclination. The retirement age of Supreme Court judges is 65 years.

Formation of the Apex Court of India



On January 28 1950, two days past the day when India turned into an independent and autonomous nation, the Supreme Court of India came into existence. The opening ceremony was organized in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament premises. For an extensive period of 12 years (from 1937 - 1950), the Chamber of Princes was used as the bench of the Judicature of India and also the Supreme Court up to the time when the apex court of India obtained its current building in 1958.

Following its opening ceremony on January 28, 1950, the Apex Court of the country commenced its hearings in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament House. The court shifted into the current premise in 1958. The bar association of the apex court is known as the Supreme Court Bar Association. Presently, the chairperson of the Supreme Court Bar Association is Mr. Pravin Parekh and the Honorary Secretary of the body is Mr. Sanjay Bansal.

Where is Supreme Court of India located?



The Supreme Court of India is situated in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Present Chief Justice of India



At present, the Honourable Chief Justice of India is Shri Sarosh Homi Kapadia. He was born on September 29, 1947. He will retire from the position of Chief Justice of India on September 28, 2012. He was appointed as a judge in the Supreme Court on December 18, 2003. He was appointed as the Chief Justice of the apex court of India in the forenoon of May 12, 2010.

Sitting judges of Supreme Court of India



The sitting judges of the Supreme Court of India are as follows:

Name Date of Birth Term of Office/Date of Appointment: Date of Retirement
Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.V. Raveendran 15/10/1946 09/09/2005 14/10/2011
Hon'ble Mr. Justice P Sathasivam 27/04/1949 19/07/2013 26/04/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice D.K. Jain 25/01/1948 10/04/2006 24/01/2013
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Dalveer Bhandari 01/10/1947 28/10/2005 30/09/2012
Hon'ble Mr. Justice P. Sathasivam 27/04/1949 21/08/2007 26/04/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Markandey Katju 20/09/1946 10/04/2006 19/09/2011
Hon'ble Mr. Justice G.S. Singhvi 12/12/1948 12/11/2007 11/12/2013
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Aftab Alam 19/04/1948 12/11/2007 18/04/2013
Hon'ble Dr. Justice Mukundakam Sharma 18/09/1946 09/04/2008 17/09/2011
Hon'ble Mr. Justice J.M. Panchal 06/10/1946 12/11/2007 05/10/2011
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Asok Kumar Ganguly 03/02/1947 17/12/2008 02/02/2012
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Cyriac Joseph 28/01/1947 07/07/2008 27/01/2012
Hon'ble Mr. Justice H.L. Dattu 03/12/1950 17/12/2008 02/12/2015
Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.M. Lodha 28/09/1949 17/12/2008 27/09/2014
Hon'ble Dr. Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan 02/07/1949 11/05/2009 01/07/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice A.K. Patnaik 03/06/1949 17/11/2009 02/06/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Deepak Verma 28/08/1947 11/05/2009 27/08/2012
Hon'ble Mr. Justice K.S. Panicker Radhakrishnan 15/05/1949 17/11/2009 14/05/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice T.S. Thakur 04/01/1952 17/11/2009 03/01/2017
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Swatanter Kumar 31/12/1947 18/12/2009 30/12/2012
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Surinder Singh Nijjar 07/06/1949 17/11/2009 06/06/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice H.L. Gokhale 10/03/1949 30/04/2010 09/03/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Chandramauli Kumar Prasad 15/07/1949 08/02/2010 14/07/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Anil R. Dave 19/11/1951 30/04/2010 18/11/2016
Hon'ble Mrs. Justice Gyan Sudha Misra 28/04/1949 30/04/2010 27/04/2014
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Sudhansu Jyoti Mukhopadhaya   13/09/2011 (F.N.)  
Hon'ble Mrs. Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai   13/09/2011 (F.N.)  
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar   13/09/2011 (F.N.)  

List of Former Chief Justices of India



Given below are the names of the previous Chief Justices of India:

H. J. Kania S. Mukharji
M. P. Shastri Ranganath Misra
Mehr Chand Mahajan K.N. Singh
B. K. Mukherjee M. H. Kania
Sudhi Ranjan Das L. M. Sharma
Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha M. N. Venkatachaliah
P. B. Gajendragadkar M. Ahmadi
K. Sarkar J. S. Verma
K. Subba Rao M. M. Punchhi
K. N. Wanchoo S. Anand
M. Hidayatullah S. P. Bharucha
J. C. Shah N. Kirpal
S. M. Sikri G. B. Pattanaik
N. Ray V. N. Khare
Mirza Hameedullah Beg Rajendra Babu
Y. V. Chandrachud R. C. Lahoti
P. N. Bhagwati Y. K. Sabharwal
R. S. Pathak K.G. Balakrishnan
E. S. Venkataramiah  

High courts come under jurisdiction of Supreme Court of India



The following 21 High Courts along with their benches come under the jurisdiction of the apex court of India:
  • Allahabad High Court
  • Allahabad High Court - Lucknow Bench
  • Bombay High Court
  • Andhra Pradesh High Court
  • Bombay High Court - Goa Bench
  • Calcutta High Court (Original side), West Bengal
  • Calcutta High Court (Appellate side)
  • Calcutta High Court (Port Blair Bench)
  • Delhi High Court
  • Chhattisgarh High Court
  • Imphal High Court, Manipur
  • Gauhati High Court
  • Gujarat High Court
  • Jammu & Kashmir High Court
  • Jammu & Kashmir High Court (Srinagar Bench)
  • Karnataka High Court
  • Jharkhand High Court
  • Kerala High Court
  • Madras High Court
  • Madhya Pradesh High Court - Gwalior Bench
  • Madhya Pradesh High Court - Indore Bench
  • Madhya Pradesh High Court - Jabalpur Bench
  • Orissa High Court
  • Punjab & Haryana High Court
  • Rajasthan High Court - Jaipur Bench
  • Rajasthan High Court - Jodhpur Bench
  • Uttarakhand High Court
  • Himachal Pradesh High Court
  • Patna High Court
  • Sikkim High Court

District Courts and Tribunals



Other than the aforementioned high courts, the following district courts and tribunals operate under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India:
District courts
  • Chandigarh District Court
  • Allahabad District Court
  • Jodhpur District Court
  • Delhi District Court
  • Kamrup District Court, Assam
  • Nainital District Court
Tribunals
  • Appellate Tribunal for Electricity
  • AP Administrative Tribunal
  • Central Administrative Tribunal
  • Central Excise Service Tax Appellate Tribunal
  • Debt Recovery Tribunal, Coimbatore
  • Debts Recovery Tribunal-I, Chennai
  • Debts Recovery Tribunal-II, Chennai
  • Railway Claims Tribunal
  • Intellectual Property Appellate Tribunal, Chennai
  • Income Tax Appellate Tribunal.

In which areas did the Supreme Court of India deliver landmark verdicts?



The apex court of India has delivered landmark verdicts in the following areas:
  • Land reforms
  • Bank Nationalization Bill (1969)

What is the eligibility of becoming a Supreme Court Judge?



In order to become a judge of the Supreme Court of India, an individual has to be a citizen of India. He also should have served as a Judge of a High Court or of two or more similar courts for a minimum period of five years in a row, or an Advocate of a High Court or of two or more similar courts in a row for a minimum period of 10 years. According to the judgment of the President, an eminent legal scholar or expert can also be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court. Stipulations are there for the recruitment of a Judge of a High Court as an impromptu justice of the apex court and for retired judges of the apex court or High Courts to be seated and function as justices of that court.

What is the contact address of Supreme Court of India?



The contact details of the Supreme Court of India are as follows:
  • The Registrar
    Supreme Court of India
    Tilak Marg
    New Delhi - 110 001 (India)

    PABX Nos: 23388942-44, .23388922-24
    FAX Nos: 23381584, 23381508, 23384533, 23384336, 23384447

    Email: supremecourt@nic.in

Last Updated on 22 September 2011