Haryana Lok Sabha Elections 2014
Haryana is the 17th state of India, which attained its statehood on 1 November 1966. Prior to this, Haryana was part of the state of Punjab. Agriculture is the main occupation and the state accounts for one of the highest per capita incomes in the country.
The state contributed greatly to the Green Revolution (a movement to make India self-sufficient in the area of food production). One of the wealthiest states in India, Haryana is also one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia. It is also the country's largest manufacturer of tractors, passenger cars and two-wheelers. The state is bordered in the east by the Yamuna river, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand; in the north by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh; and in the west and south by Rajasthan.
Member Representation at the Centre and State
Haryana sends 10 members to the Lok Sabha and five members to the Rajya Sabha. The State Legislative Assembly is unicameral in nature and has a strength of 90 members.
The first state Assembly elections took place in Haryana in 1966 with the Indian National Congress (INC) emerging as the winner and Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma was nominated as the Chief Minister. However in 1967, Vishal Haryana Party emerged as the winning party only to rule for about 224 days. In 1968, Congress was back in power and ruled till 1975, with Bansi Lal as the CM. INC continued to be in power till 1977. Next elections brought the Janata Party to power, with Chaudhary Devi Lal as the CM, and continued to be in power till 1980. INC was back in power in 1980, and ruled till 1987. Bhajan Lal and Bansi Lal served as the Chief Ministers during this tenure. In 1987, Janata Dal was once again back and ruled till 1991, after which INC took over and gave a stable government till 1996. In 1996, Bansi Lal's Haryana Vikas Party came into power and ruled till 1999. In 1999, INLD came to power with Om Prakash Chautla as the Chief Minister who served till 2005. Since 2005, INC has been in power with Bhupinder Singh Hooda as the Chief Minister.
If we look at the Parliamentary elections, the first election took place in 1967, also the fourth Lok Sabha elections. The INC emerged victorious and continued to dominate in the fifth Lok Sabha elections held in 1971. In the sixth Lok Sabha elections held in 1977, the Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLD) won all the 10 seats. In 1980, in the seventh Lok Sabha elections, the INC won five seats. In the eighth Lok Sabha elections held in 1984, the INC won by a majority of all 10 seats. However, in the ninth Lok Sabha Elections held in 1989, the Janata Dal (JD) emerged victorious. In the tenth Lok Sabha elections in 1991, the INC was back in power. In the eleventh Lok Sabha Elections held in 1996, the BJP won the maximum seats, while in the twelfth Lok Sabha elections held in 1998, the Haryana Lok Dal (Rashtriya) emerged victorious. In the thirteenth Lok Sabha elections held in 1999, the BJP and the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) won five seats each. In the fourteenth Lok Sabha elections, the INC got a majority, which continued in the fifteenth Lok Sabha elections in 2009.
Current Constitution of the State Government
The present government is run by the Indian National Congress with Bhupinder Singh Hooda as the Chief Minister.
Major Political Parties
The main political parties in Haryana are:
Top Political Leaders
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) - Formed in 1987, the INLD is the main opposition party in Haryana.
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Haryana Janhit Congress (HJC) - The party was formed by former Chief Minister of Haryana Bhajan Lal in 2007. In 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the party won from Hissar and Bhajan Lal was termed as the winner.
- Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)
Opinion Polls 2014
- Bansi Lal : He was a freedom fighter and served as the Chief Minister of Haryana for three terms. He also served as the Defence Minister from 1975-77 and was elected to the State Legislative Assembly seven times. He was also elected to the Lok Sabha from 1980 to 84, 1985 to 86, 1989 to 91 and to the Rajya Sabha from 1960 to 66 and 1976 to 80. Bansi Lal formed the Haryana Vikas Party in 1996 when he quit the Congress party.
- Bhajan Lal : He served twice as the Chief Minister of Haryana; from 1979 to 85 and from 1991 to 96. In the Rajiv Gandhi government, he served as the Union Cabinet minister and held various portfolios including the Agriculture and Environments and Forest.
- Chaudhary Devi Lal : He was a freedom fighter and served as the Chief Minister of Haryana for two terms between 1977-79 and 1987-89. He is known for his commendable work for the betterment of farmers. He also served as India's Deputy Prime Minister from 1989-91.
- Om Prakash Chautala : He is the son of Chaudhary Devi Lal and the leader of the Indian National Lok Dal party. He served as the Chief Minister of Haryana from 1989-91, and from 1999-2005. He is currently the leader of opposition in the Haryana Legislative Assembly.
- Bhupinder Singh Hooda : He is the current Chief Minister of Haryana, serving his second term in the office. A member of the Indian National Congress, he has been the Member of Parliament for four terms. He was also the leader of opposition in the Haryana Legislative Assembly from 1996 to 2001.
- Arvind Kejriwal : He served as the seventh Chief Minister of Delhi after defeating three-time Chief Minister Shiela Dikshit in a roaring victory. He, however, resigned 49 days later. He is the founder of Aam Admi Party (AAP). Before forming AAP, Arvind Kejriwal worked for the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) as a Joint Commissioner in the Income Tax Department. He has contributed greatly to enact and implement the Right to Information Act (RTI) at the grassroots level. He has also played a significant role in drafting the proposed Jan Lokpal Bill.
The prominent players are likely to be the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and the Haryana Janhit Congress (HJC). Congress is expected to take a major beating and may win only one seat as compared to its nine-seat win in 2009. The BJP is predicted to win six seats, while it had won none in 2009. AAP, HJC and INLD are likely to win one seat each. The elections are expected to go in the favour of the BJP this year.
No. of PCs: 10
No. of Polling Days: 1
Polling Dates: 10 April (Phase 3)
No. of Polling Stations: 16,129
No. of Polling Station locations: 9,702
Total Electors: 1,55,94,427 (as on 11th February 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years: 15.59%
Women Electors: 45.86%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate : Rs. 70 lakhs
Haryana Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|4||Hisar||GEN||Bhajan Lal S/O Kheraj||M||HJC (BL)||248476|
|5||Karnal||GEN||Arvind Kumar Sharma||M||INC||304698|
|10||Faridabad||GEN||Avtar Singh Bhadana||M||INC||257864|
||Parliamentary Constituencies in Haryana
Last Updated on : March 28, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India