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Punjab General (Lok Sabha) Elections 2014

Punjab General Election Results

Map of Punjab Parliamentary Constituencies

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Punjab Parliamentary Constituencies Patiala Sangrur Bhatinda Ferozpur Faridkot (SC) Fatehgarh Sahib (SC) Ludhiana Anandpur Sahib Hoshiarpur (SC) Jalandhar (SC) Khadoor Sahib Amritsar Gurdaspur
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*Map Showing the Parliamentary Constituencies of Punjab State. Disclaimer

Punjab General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout
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Punjab General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout
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*Map Showing Punjab General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout. Disclaimer

Punjab Lok Sabha Election 2014 Dates

*Punjab polling date: 30 April (Phase 7)

PC No.PC NameCategoryIssue of NotificationLast Date for filing NominationsScrutiny of NominationsLast date for withdrawal of CandidaturePolling DateCounting of VotesDate before which the election shall be Completed
1GurdaspurGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
2AmritsarGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
3Khadoor SahibGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
4Jalandhar(SC)02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
5Hoshiarpur(SC)02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
6Anandpur SahibGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
7LudhianaGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
8Fatehgarh Sahib(SC)02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
9Faridkot(SC)02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
10FerozpurGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
11BathindaGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
12SangrurGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May
13PatialaGEN02 Apr09 Apr10 Apr12 Apr30 Apr16 May28 May

Punjab is a state located in the north-west part of India. It became a part of India in 1947 but was divided in 1966 to form two more states of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. It is the only state with Sikh majority in the country. It is one of the leading states of India in terms of agricultural production and has the best infrastructure in the country.

Member Representation at the Centre

Punjab has 13 Lok Sabha constituencies of which the constituencies of Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Fatehgarh Sahib and Faridkot are reserved for Scheduled Caste (SC) candidates. No seats are reserved for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Tribes (ST). Some important parliamentary constituencies in Punjab are Amritsar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Bhatinda and Anandpur Sahib.

Punjab sends seven members to the Rajya Sabha. The state legislative assembly is unicameral and has 117 members.

Major Political Parties

The state of Punjab has both national and regional parties.

The national political parties active in Punjab are:
  • Indian National Congress (INC)
  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
  • Communist party of India (CPI)
  • Communist party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]
  • Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
Regional parties that play an important role in the politics of Punjab are:
  • Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)
  • Shiromani Akali Dal (Simranjit Singh Mann) [SAD(M)]
  • Lok Jan Shakti Party
  • Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)

Election History

In Punjab, the two main political parties are the Indian National Congress (INC) and Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD). From 1947 to 1966, INC was the dominant party in undivided Punjab. In 1967, following the division of Punjab, SAD came to power and remained in office till 1971. In the elections held in 1972, INC led by Zail Singh obtained majority and came back to power. In the 1977 elections, SAD led by Prakash Singh Badal emerged victorious. Since then INC has won the 1980, 1992 and 2002 elections while SAD has formed government after the 1985, 1997, 2007 and 2012 elections.

Punjab has also been under the President rule on eight occasions.

In elections to the Lok Sabha, INC was the leading party till 1971 elections. But in the 1977 elections, it failed to win a single seat. SAD emerged as the largest party in this election. The 1984 elections were delayed in Punjab due to internal disturbances, and were held in 1985 in which INC emerged as the winning party. In 1989, SAD(M) was the leading party. Elections to the 10th Lok Sabha were held in 1992 in Punjab and INC won 12 seats. Since then SAD has been the leading party in 1996, 1998 and 2004 elections while INC was victorious in 1999 and 2009 general elections.

Major Political Personalities

Some candidates who contested in the 2014 general elections were:
  • Harvinder Singh Phoolka : He is an eminent lawyer who has been fighting cases related to the 1984 anti-Sikh riots in Delhi. He was an AAP candidate from Ludhiana.

  • Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa : He is a member of the Rajya Sabha. He represented the Sangrur constituency in the 14th Lok Sabha and was a Union Minister in Vajpayee's government. He was a SAD candidate from Sangrur.

  • Harsimrat Singh Badal : A politician of SAD, she is an MP from the Bhatinda constituency and will contest from the same in 2014 elections. She is the daughter-in-law of Punjab Chief Minister Prakash Singh Badal and made her debut in electoral politics in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections.

Some important politicians who were members of the 15th Lok Sabha are:
  • Navjot Singh Sidhu : He is a former Indian cricketer and a leader of the BJP. He represented the Amritsar constituency in the Lok Sabha. He started his political career in 2004 elections.

  • Manish Tewari : He is a politician of the INC and represented Ludhiana in the Lok Sabha. He was the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Information and Broadcasting.

  • Maharani Preneet Kaur : She is an INC politician and has been representing Patiala in the parliament since 1999. She was the Union Minister of State for External Affairs.

  • Rattan Singh Ajnala : He is a leader of the SAD and represented the Khadoor Sahib constituency in the Lok Sabha. He represented Taran Taran in his previous term from 2004 to 2009.

Famous Leaders

Punjab is home to many important freedom fighters and revolutionaries. It has given India several prominent politicians post-Independence as well.

Some famous political leaders from Punjab are:
  • Lala Lajpat Rai : He was born in Dudhike in undivided Punjab and was a prominent leader of the INC. He played a key role in India's freedom movement and was a part of the famous 'Lal Bal Pal' trio. He is also well known as Sher-e-Punjab.

  • Bhagat Singh : He is one of the most famous revolutionaries of the Indian freedom movement. He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HRSA) and is known for throwing bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly in 1929. He was executed in 1931.

  • Master Tara Singh : He was a prominent Sikh social and political activist and played a leading role in organising the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee.

  • Zail Singh : He was a politician of the INC and was the seventh President of India. He was also a former Chief Minister of Punjab (1972 - 1977) and a former Union Minister.

  • Prakash Singh Badal : He is a politician of the SAD and the current Chief Minister of Punjab. He started his political career in 1947 and became the Chief Minister of the state for the first time in 1970. He is the longest serving Chief Minister of Punjab.

  • Sardar Swaran Singh : He was an eminent Indian politician and served as a Union Minister during Jawaharlal Nehru's tenure. He was elected to the Lok Sabha from 1957 to 1972. He was also the longest serving Union Cabinet Minister of India.

  • Harkishan Singh Surjit : He was a former General Secretary and member of the CPI(M). He co-founded the Kisan Sabha of Punjab.

  • Surjit Singh Barnalla : He was a politician of the SAD and a former Union Minister. He also served as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Uttarakhand.

  Election Highlights  
Quick Facts No. of PCs :13
No. of Polling Days :1
Polling Dates :30 April (Phase 7)
No. of Polling Stations :21957
No. of Polling Station locations :13574
Total Electors :1,92,07,252 (as on 2nd January 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 29 years :26.83%
Women Electors :47.35%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate :Rs. 70 lakhs

Punjab Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009

PC No.PC NameCategoryWinning CandidateGenderPartyTotal Votes
1GurdaspurGENPartap Singh BajwaMINC447994
2AmritsarGENNavjot Singh SidhuMBJP392046
3Khadoor SahibGENDr. Rattan Singh AjnalaMSAD467980
4Jalandhar(SC)Mohinder Singh KaypeeMINC408103
5Hoshiarpur(SC)Santosh ChowdharyFINC358812
6Anandpur SahibGENRavneet SinghMINC404836
7LudhianaGENManish TewariMINC449264
8Fatehgarh Sahib(SC)Sukhdev Singh LibraMINC393557
9Faridkot(SC)Paramjit Kaur GulshanFSAD457734
10FerozpurGENSher Singh GhubayaMSAD450900
11BathindaGENHarsimrat Kaur BadalFSAD529472
12SangrurGENVijay Inder SinglaMINC358670
13PatialaGENPreneet KaurFINC474188

  Parliamentary Constituencies in Punjab  
PC No.PC NamePC No.PC Name
1Gurdaspur8Fatehgarh Sahib
3Khadoor Sahib10Ferozpur
6Anandpur Sahib13Patiala

Last Updated on : June 18, 2014




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