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Elections in India


Parliamentary Election Results 2019



2019 General Elections


The 2019 General Elections in India was held in seven phases from 11 April to 19 May 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. The results were declared on May 23, 2019. The Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) emerged as the single largest party. The BJP bagged 303 seats in its kitty left the opposition far behind. BJP lead NDA won 353 seats. The Congress bagged just 52 seats and the Congress-led UPA alliance won 92 seats. Meanwhile, other parties and their alliances were able to win 97 seats.

Results of the Parliamentary Elections 2019

StateDate of ResultsTotal Seats Summary of Status Results
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsMay 23, 20191Indian National Congress-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
Andhra PradeshMay 23, 201925Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party-Win (22)
Telugu Desam-Win (3)
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Arunachal PradeshMay 23, 20192Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (2)Click For Detailed Result
AssamMay 23, 201914Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (9)
Indian National Congress-Win (3)
All India United Democratic Front-Win (1)
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BiharMay 23, 201940Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (17)
Janata Dal (United)-Win (16)
Lok Jan Shakti Party-Win (6)
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ChandigarhMay 23, 20191Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (1) Click For Detailed Result
ChhattisgarhMay 23, 201911Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (9)
Indian National Congress-Win (2)
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Dadra & Nagar HaveliMay 23, 20191Independent-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
Daman & DiuMay 23, 20191Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
GoaMay 23, 20192Indian National Congress-Win (1)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (1)
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GujaratMay 23, 201926Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (26)Click For Detailed Result
HaryanaMay 23, 201910Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (10)Click For Detailed Result
Himachal PradeshMay 23, 20194Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (4)Click For Detailed Result
Jammu & KashmirMay 23, 20196Jammu & Kashmir National Conference-Win (3)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (3)
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JharkhandMay 23, 201914Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (11)
Others-Win (1)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha-Win (1)
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KarnatakaMay 23, 201928Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (25)
Indian National Congress-Win (1)
Janata Dal (Secular)-Win (1)
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KeralaMay 23, 201920Indian National Congress-Win (15)
Indian Union Muslim League-Win (2)
Communist Party Of India (Marxist)-Win (1)
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LakshadweepMay 23, 20191Nationalist Congress Party-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
Madhya PradeshMay 23, 201929Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (28)
Indian National Congress-Win (1)
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MaharashtraMay 23, 201948Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (23)
Shivsena-Win (18)
Nationalist Congress Party-Win (4)
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ManipurMay 23, 20192Naga Peoples Front-Win (1)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (1)
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MeghalayaMay 23, 20192Indian National Congress-Win (1)
National Peoples Party-Win (1)
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MizoramMay 23, 20191Mizo National Front-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
NagalandMay 23, 20191Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
Nct Of DelhiMay 23, 20197Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (7)Click For Detailed Result
OdishaMay 23, 201921Biju Janata Dal-Win (12)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (8)
Indian National Congress-Win (1)
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PuducherryMay 23, 20191Indian National Congress-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
PunjabMay 23, 201913Indian National Congress-Win (8)
Shiromani Akali Dal-Win (2)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (2)
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RajasthanMay 23, 201925Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (25)Click For Detailed Result
SikkimMay 23, 20191Sikkim Krantikari Morcha-Win (1)Click For Detailed Result
Tamil NaduMay 23, 201939Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam-Win (23)
Indian National Congress-Win (8)
Communist Party Of India (Marxist)-Win (2)
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TelanganaMay 23, 201917Telangana Rashtra Samithi-Win (9)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (4)
Indian National Congress-Win (3)
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TripuraMay 23, 20192Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (2)Click For Detailed Result
Uttar PradeshMay 23, 201980Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (62)
Bahujan Samaj Party-Win (10)
Samajwadi Party-Win (5)
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UttarakhandMay 23, 20195Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (5)Click For Detailed Result
West BengalMay 23, 201942All India Trinamool Congress-Win (22)
Bharatiya Janata Party-Win (18)
Indian National Congress-Win (2)
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Andaman and Nicobar

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Andhra Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):42

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):294

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7), 7 May (Phase 8)

Assembly Elections Dates:30 April (Phase 1), 07 May (Phase 2)

Arunachal Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Assembly Elections Dates:09 April

Asom (Assam)

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):14

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):126

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 April (Phase 1), 12 April (Phase 4), 24 April (Phase 6)

Bihar

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):40

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):243

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

Chandigarh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Chhattisgarh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):11

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):90

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Daman and Diu

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Delhi

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):7

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):70

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Goa

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):40

Lok Sabha Election Dates:12 April (Phase 5)

Gujarat

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):26

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):182

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Haryana

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):10

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):90

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Assembly Elections Dates:Not declared

Himachal Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):4

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):68

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 May (Phase 8)

Jammu And Kashmir

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):6

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):87

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8)

Jharkhand

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):14

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):81

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Karnataka

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):28

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):224

Lok Sabha Election Dates:17 April (Phase 5)

Kerala

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):20

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):140

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Lakshadweep

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Madhya Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):29

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):230

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Maharashtra

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):48

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):288

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Assembly Elections Dates:Not declared

Manipur

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2), 17 April (Phase 5)

Meghalaya

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Mizoram

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):40

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Nagaland

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Odisha

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):21

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):147

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5)

Assembly Elections Dates:10 April (Phase 1), 17 April (Phase 2)

Puducherry

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):30

Lok Sabha Election Dates:24 April (Phase 6)

Punjab

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):13

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):117

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Rajasthan

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):25

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):200

Lok Sabha Election Dates:17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Sikkim

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):32

Lok Sabha Election Dates:12 April (Phase 4)

Assembly Elections Dates:12 April

Tamil Nadu

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):39

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):234

Lok Sabha Election Dates:24 April (Phase 6)

Tripura

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 April (Phase 1), 12 April (Phase 4)

Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal)

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):5

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):70

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 May (Phase 8)

Uttar Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):80

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):403

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

West Bengal

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):42

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):294

Lok Sabha Election Dates:17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

History of Elections

The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. Drafted by a committee led by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, it took effect from January 26, 1950, and the date is celebrated as the Republic Day of India. India was declared as a democratic republic, with Dr. Rajendra Prasad becoming the first President of India. The first constitutional elections in India were held in 1952, in which the INC won by majority and India got its first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. The first Lok Sabha was formed and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was re-elected as the President of India.

Election Commission of India

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is established constitutionally as an autonomous federal authority. The prime responsibility of the ECI is to administer and supervise all electoral processes under the Indian Constitution, maintaining the principles and rules ensuring free and fair polling.

The Chief Election Commissioner, appointed by the President of India, heads the commission. The President also appoints two Election Commissioners. According to Conditions of Service Rules 1992, salaries and allowances of the Chief Election Commissioner and the two Election Commissioners are at par with that of Judges of the Supreme Court of India. The Parliament of India can remove the Chief Election Commissioner on grounds of incapacity or misbehavior only if it attains support of two-third majority in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. The President of India has the power to remove the two election commissioners on recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.

Purpose of Elections

In a democracy, the government is formed by people's representation. India is a democratic republic where governance is elected by people both centrally as well as regionally. In case of regional governance, i.e., state government, geographies are demarcated for appropriate representation of the people in various Vidhan Sabhas. For the central government, every state sends their representatives in the Lok Sabha by clubbing certain number of Vidhan Sabha constituencies to represent populace of such demography. Election is a process which allows people to exercise their right in choosing a representative either of specific political and economic ideals or independent personality by casting votes. Thus, election is required for representation by the people right from Gram Panchayat, Municipalities & Corporations, Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha, so that the whole country from village-level upwards is represented through a fair process.

The Electoral Process

  • Constituencies are segregated as per the number of seats in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections.
  • The voters' list of the demarcated constituencies is prepared and published.
  • The Election Commission declares dates of election, date of filing nomination papers and the last date of withdrawing nomination.
  • Nominations are filed.
  • Nomination papers are verified on a fixed date. The commission has power to reject a nomination if the papers are not in order.
  • Campaigns are held by political parties through public meetings, distribution of posters, processions, and use of media like radio and television.
  • Campaigning closes 48 hours prior to election date.
  • The election law in India prohibits a candidate from:
    • Threatening or bribing a voter
    • Campaigning using government resources
    • Influencing or appealing voters on religion and caste
    • Spending over Rs. 25 lakhs and Rs. 10 lakhs for one-time Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha election, respectively.
If a candidate is found guilty of practicing the above, the court can annul his/her election even after being duly elected

  • All political parties abide by the Model Code of Conduct.
  • Elections are conducted in selected government colleges and schools with respective District Collectors taking charge of polling.
  • Government employees are inducted in the polling booths.
  • Vote is cast either by ballot boxes or through the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs).
  • The ballot boxes and EVMs are thereafter transferred to strong rooms until counting is undertaken at pre-fixed centre.
  • The candidate receiving majority votes is declared as elected from the constituency.
  • Election may be re-held if complaint from a candidate is found to be valid.
  • The party or coalition that has won by majority forms the government.
The four major types of elections held in India are:
  1. General or Lok Sabha Elections: The General elections are held every 5 years. The candidates elected become Members of Parliament or MPs. The Lok Sabha has a maximum of 552 seats and currently there are 544 MPs in the house. The maximum number of seats can be altered if the parliament approves such an amendment. The party or coalition achieving majority in the house forms the government and chooses the Prime Minister. The candidate thus chosen must be a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If he/she is not, then six months time is given for him/her to get elected to either of the houses.
  2. Rajya Sabha Elections: Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Indian Parliament. There can be a maximum of 250 members, of which 12 are nominated by the President of India. These 12 members are generally renowned and knowledgeable personalities from different walks of life such as art, social service, science, literature or sports. The state and territorial legislatures representing 29 states and 2 Union Territories elect the rest of the members. Members are elected every six years with two-third retiring every two years. The two houses, namely the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, can meet to resolve any conflicting legislation between the two.
  3. Election of the President: The President of India is officially the head of the judiciary, legislature and state of the Indian Republic. He is the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. He is indirectly elected by the people of India through Electoral College consisting of elected members of the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabhas and Vidhan Parishads and serves a term of five years. Re-election takes place if the incumbent resigns or in case of his/her death. Any Indian citizen who has attained 35 years of age and is qualified for Lok Sabha elections is an eligible candidate for the Presidential post. However, he should not hold any office of profit or a seat in parliament or state assembly.
  4. State Assembly Elections: The Legislative or State Assembly elections are held in 29 states and 2 Union Territories out of the 7 Union Territories of India. The candidates elected become Members of the legislative assembly or Vidhan Sabha of the respective states. They are known as MLAs. The party or coalition holding majority in the state forms the government and chooses the Chief Minister of the state. The MLAs of the winning party hold different offices as ministers of state. The state assembly elections are held every 5 years.

Last Updated on : April 11, 2019





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