Rajasthan Lok Sabha Elections 2014
Rajasthan is located in the western parts of India and is the largest state in terms of area. The state was created on 1 November 1956, and since then has played a crucial role in national politics.
The state has 25 parliamentary constituencies of which Ganganagar, Bikaner, Bharatpur and Karauli-Dholpur are reserved for the Scheduled Caste, and Udaipur and Banswara are reserved for the Scheduled Tribe. Barmer is the largest parliamentary constituency in Rajasthan and second largest constituency in India. Some important parliamentary constituencies in the state are Dausa, Jaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur and Kota. The state sends ten members to the Rajya Sabha.
The state legislative assembly is unicameral. In 1952, the total number of members was 160. Currently it is 200.
Rajasthan sends 25 members to the lower house of the Parliament or Lok Sabha.
The national political parties which have their presence in Rajasthan are:
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
Rajasthan also has a number of regional political parties:
- Indian National Lok Dal
- Janata Dal (United)
- Lok Jan Shakti Party
- Rajasthan Samajik Nyaya Manch
The election history of Rajasthan has been dominated by the Congress party and the BJP. From 1949 to 1977, INC was in power. Till 1962, its stronghold in Rajasthan was unchallenged. However since then, Janata Party, Swatantra Party and later BJP have challenged this dominance. In 1977, riding on the post-emergency anti-Congress sentiment, Janata Party led by Bhairon Singh Shekhawat assumed power.
After Indira Gandhi's assassination in 1984, Congress regained popularity in 1985. In 1990, BJP won the elections but President's rule was declared in the state in 1992 after the demolition of the Babri Masjid. Since 1993, BJP and INC have been forming government alternately; with BJP winning 1993, 2003 and the recent 2013 elections, while Congress had won the 1998 and 2008 elections.
In the Lok Sabha elections, the Congress party was dominant till 1971. But its fortune plummeted in 1977 and 1984. The BJP made its presence felt in the 1984 elections. However, 1989 elections was a watershed for the party as it won all 25 seats. In 1991 and 1999 elections, BJP lost some grounds but made a comeback in 2004 by winning 21 seats while INC got just four seats. In 2009 however, the electoral fortunes of the two parties reversed. INC won 20 seats while BJP won only four.
Major Political Personalities
2014 general elections will see major political parties contesting against each other in Rajasthan. The BJP and INC are expected to declare their candidates soon while the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) has already announced its candidates. Some important MPs of the 15th Lok Sabha from Rajasthan include:
: He is an MP from the Bhilwara constituency and is the former minister of Railway and Road Transport and Highways. Encouraged by Mohan Lal Sukhadia to join politics, he started his career as a student leader and is a four-time MLA from Nathdwara.
: He is the son of late Congress leader Rajesh Pilot and represents Ajmer in the Lok Sabha. Appointed at the age of 26, he was the youngest MP. He is the Minister of Corporate Affairs and a member of the Lok Sabha's Standing Committee on Home Affairs and Member of the Consultative Committee in the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
Dr. Girija Vyas
: She is an MP from Chittorgarh and the Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. She was first elected as an MP in 1991, and has also served as the President of the National Commission of Women.
Chandresh Kumari Katoch
: She is the MP from Jodhpur and is the Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Culture. She began her political career as an MLA from Himachal Pradesh and was the President of the All India Mahila Congress from 1999 to 2003.
: He is the son of Rajasthan's Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje and represents Jhalawar-Baran constituency. He is a member of the Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture department since 2007.
Some famous politicians from the state are:
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
: He was the Chief Minister of Rajasthan three times and was also the 11th Vice President of India. He was the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Rajasthan.
Mohan Lal Sukhadia
: A politician from the INC, he was the Chief Minister of Rajasthan for 17 years from 1954 to 1971.He is considered as the founder of modern Rajasthan. He has also been appointed as the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
: He is a politician from the INC and is a former Chief Minister of Rajasthan. He served as the Governor of Bihar and is currently the Governor of Haryana.
: He was a major Gurjar leader and represented the Dausa constituency in the Lok Sabha. He won his first Lok Sabha elections in 1980 and has held important portfolios like Surface Transport, Telecommunications and Internal Security.
: He is a politician of the INC and is an ex-IFS officer, having represented the country in various UN Committees. He also served as a Secretary in the External Affairs Ministry. He won his first election in 1984 from the Bharatpur constituency.
: He is a politician from the BJP and has held portfolios like Finance, Defense and External Affairs during the NDA regime. He was the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha from 2004 to 2009.
: She was the Rajmata of Jaipur. She fought elections from the Swatantra Party from Jaipur in 1962 and won with the largest margin in electoral history. She was an MP till 1971.
: She is the first female Chief Minister of Rajasthan and is currently the incumbent. She was an MP of the Lok Sabha from 1989 to 2003 and has held ministerial positions in External Affairs and Small Scale Industries.
: He has been appointed as the Chief Minister of Rajasthan for two terms consecutively, from 1998 to 2003 and 2003 to 2013. He started his career as a student leader and won his first elections to Lok Sabha in 1980.
Opinion Polls 2014
The parliamentary elections 2014 in Rajasthan are expected to be a battle between the BJP and INC. In the 15th Lok Sabha, the INC bagged 20 out of 25 seats while the BJP got just four. However, this year, the opinion polls predict a reversal of fortunes for the two rivals. BJP is expected to win 20 or more seats while INC may have to settle for five or less seats. Other parties may win one to three seats.
Rajasthan Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|2009||Rajasthan||1||Ganganagar||(SC)||Meghwal,Shri Bharat Ram ||M||INC||476554|
|2009||Rajasthan||2||Bikaner||(SC)||Meghwal,Shri Arjun Ram ||M||BJP||244537|
|2009||Rajasthan||3||Churu||GEN||Kaswan,Shri Ram Singh ||M||BJP||376708|
|2009||Rajasthan||4||Jhunjhunu||GEN||Ola,Shri Sis Ram ||M||INC||306330|
|2009||Rajasthan||5||Sikar||GEN||Khandela,Shri Mahadeo Singh ||M||INC||324812|
|2009||Rajasthan||6||Jaipur Rural||GEN||Kataria,Shri Lalchand ||M||INC||278266|
|2009||Rajasthan||7||Jaipur||GEN||Joshi,Dr. Mahesh ||M||INC||397438|
|2009||Rajasthan||8||Alwar||GEN||Singh,Shri Jitendra ||M||INC||450119|
|2009||Rajasthan||9||Bharatpur||(SC)||Singh,Shri Ratan ||M||INC||301434|
|2009||Rajasthan||10||Karauli-Dholpur||(SC)||Bairwa,Shri Khiladi Lal ||M||INC||215810|
|2009||Rajasthan||11||Dausa||(ST)||Meena,Dr. Kirodilal ||M||IND||433666|
|2009||Rajasthan||12||Tonk-Sawai Madhopur||GEN||Meena,Shri Namo Narain ||M||INC||375572|
|2009||Rajasthan||13||Ajmer||GEN||Pilot,Shri Sachin ||M||INC||405575|
|2009||Rajasthan||14||Nagaur||GEN||Mirdha,Dr. (Smt.) Jyoti ||F||INC||333261|
|2009||Rajasthan||15||Pali||GEN||Jakhar,Shri Badri Ram ||M||INC||387604|
|2009||Rajasthan||16||Jodhpur||GEN||Katoch,Smt. Chandresh Kumari ||F||INC||361577|
|2009||Rajasthan||17||Barmer||GEN||Choudhary,Shri Harish ||M||INC||416497|
|2009||Rajasthan||18||Jalore||(SC)||Patel,Shri Devji Mansingram ||M||BJP||194503|
|2009||Rajasthan||19||Udaipur||(ST)||Meena,Shri Raghuvir Singh ||M||INC||411510|
|2009||Rajasthan||20||Banswara||(ST)||Bhagora,Shri Tarachand ||M||INC||413169|
|2009||Rajasthan||21||Chittorgarh||GEN||Vyas,Dr.(Kum.) Girija ||F||INC||399663|
|2009||Rajasthan||22||Rajsamand||GEN||Shekhawat,Shri Gopal Singh ||M||INC||294451|
|2009||Rajasthan||23||Bhilwara||GEN||Joshi,Dr. C. P. ||M||INC||413128|
|2009||Rajasthan||24||Kota||GEN||Singh,Shri Ijyaraj ||M||INC||360486|
|2009||Rajasthan||25||Jhalawar-Baran||GEN||Singh,Shri Dushyant ||M||BJP||429096|
||Rajasthan Parliamentary Constituencies
Last Updated on : March 8, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India