Gujarat was initially a part of Bombay, and it attained statehood in 1960. It is surrounded by Maharashtra and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu, and Nagar Haveli, towards the south; Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh towards the north east and east; the Arabian sea to the west and south west; and in the north by Pakistan. Known as the 'Jewel of the West', the state has 26 districts, 242 towns, 226 talukas and 18,618 villages.
Member Representation at the Centre and State
Gujarat sends 26 members to the Lok Sabha and 11 members to the Rajya Sabha. The State Legislature is unicameral in nature and has a strength of 182 members.
The first Assembly election in Gujarat took place in 1960 and the Indian National Congress (INC) was the winning party. Jivraj Narayan Mehta was nominated as the Chief Minister. Winning subsequent elections, the INC continued to be very much in power till 1974. The Chief Ministers who served during these years are; Balwantrai Mehta, Hitendra K Desai, Ghanshyam Oza and Chimanbhai Patel.
In the fifth Assembly Elections held in 1975, the Janata Front came to power and Babubhai J Patel became the Chief Minister. But, the government lasted for only a short period and INC came back to power with Madhav Singh Solanki as the CM. This government also did not last long and Janata Party came back to power in 1977, with Babubhai J Patel once again as the Chief Minster.
Then, in the sixth Assembly election held in 1980, the INC came back to power and was in power till 1990. In the eighth Assembly elections held in 1990, a Janata Dal-Bharatiya Janata Party coalition government was formed with Chimanbhai Patel as the Chief Minister. In the ninth Assembly elections in 1995, INC came to power with Chhabildas Mehta as the CM. In the tenth Assembly Elections held in 1998, BJP came to power and has been in power since then. Keshubhai Patel was nominated as the Chief Minister. In the Eleventh Assembly elections held in 2002, Narendra Modi became the Chief Minister and continued to be in power till he won in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections and gave the post to another BJP leader.
Coming to the Lok Sabha elections, the third Lok Sabha election was held in 1962, and the Indian National Congress (INC) emerged as the winning party. The INC continued to be in power for the next two terms - 1967 and 1971. In the sixth Lok Sabha elections held in 1977, Bharatiya Lok Dal came to power. The next election held in 1980, saw the INC come back to power. The party clinched a victory in the eighth Lok Sabha elections too. The ninth Lok Sabha elections saw the Janata Dal come to power. After that, it was the turn of the Bharatiya Janata Party to emerge victorious in the tenth, eleventh and the twelfth Lok Sabha elections. In the thirteenth Lok Sabha elections, the National Democratic Alliance (BJP) came to power. This alliance retained its hold in the fourteenth and fifteenth elections held in 2004 and 2009, respectively, and continues to be in power.
Current Constitution of the State Government
The Gujarat government was led by BJP with Narendra Modi as the Chief Minister. The party position is as follows:
Major Political Parties in Gujarat
|Party||Number of Seats|
The national parties that have a presence in Gujarat are :
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]
- National Congress Party (NCP)
There are many registered parties like :
Top Political Leaders in Gujarat
- Bharatiya Janata Dal (BJD)
- Janata Dal (united) [JD(U)]
- Lok Jan Shakti Party
- Rashtriya Lok Dal
- Narendra Modi : Narendra Modi is the current Chief Minister of Gujarat and is BJP's Prime Ministerial candidate. This is his fourth consecutive term as the Chief Minister, which makes him the longest serving Chief Minister of Gujarat. A BJP member, Modi has earned accolades for his commendable work in the development and progress of the state.
- Keshubhai Patel : Keshubhai Patel is a former Chief Minister of Gujarat. In 1977, he was elected to the Lok Sabha. He was earlier associated with the Jan Sangh but when it dissolved in 1980, he became a part of the BJP, and acted as a senior organiser. He led the party to victory in the 1995 elections and became the Chief Minister. However, he resigned few months later, only to become the Chief Minister once again in 1998. In 2002, he resigned due to ill health. Later in 2002, he was nominated to the Rajya Sabha.
- Madhav Singh Solanki : A senior Congress leader, Madhav Singh Solanki was the Chief Minister of Gujarat for four times.
- Shankersinh Vaghela : An politician from the INC, he is currently the Leader of Opposition in the Gujarat Legislative Assembly. He has been a member of the Lok Sabha for four terms. From 1996-97, he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat and has also been a member of the Rajya Sabha. He represents the Kapadvanj constituency in Gujarat.
No. of PCs :26
No. of Polling Days :1
Polling Dates :30 April (Phase 7)
No. of Polling Stations :45313
No. of Polling Station locations :27360
Total Electors :3,98,71,571 (as on 3rd January 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years :15.03%
Women Electors : 47.67%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate :Rs. 70 lakhs
|Major issues and concerns
Suicide by farmers : Around 60 farmers have committed suicide in 2012-13 in the state either because of crop failure, bad debt or other agrarian reasons.
Poverty : As per the 2011 census, 31.8% citizens of the state have been categorised as Below Poverty Line, which is worse than many other states in the country.
Malnourishment : The Ministry of Women and Child Welfare has reported that 38% of children in the state are undernourished, which means that two of every five children are malnourished.
Communal Violence, Water crisis
Gujarat Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|1||Kachchh||(SC)||Jat Poonamben Veljibhai||F||BJP||285300|
|2||Banaskantha||GEN||Gadhvi Mukeshkumar Bheiravdanji||M||INC||289409|
|4||Mahesana||GEN||Patel Jayshreeben Kanubhai||F||BJP||334631|
|7||Ahmedabad East||GEN||Harin Pathak||M||BJP||318846|
|8||Ahmedabad West||(SC)||Dr. Solanki Kiritbhai Premajibhai||M||BJP||376823|
|9||Surendranagar||GEN||Koli Patel Somabhai Gandalal||M||INC||247710|
|10||Rajkot||GEN||Kuvarjibhai Mohanbhai Bavalia||M||INC||307553|
|11||Porbandar||GEN||Radadiya Vitthalbhai Hansrajbhai||M||INC||329436|
|12||Jamnagar||GEN||Ahir Vikrambhai Arjanbhai Madam||M||INC||281410|
|13||Junagadh||GEN||Solanki Dinubhai Boghabhai||M||BJP||355335|
|15||Bhavnagar||GEN||Rajendrasinh Ghanshyamsinh Rana (Rajubhai Rana)||M||BJP||213376|
|16||Anand||GEN||Solanki Bharatbhai Madhavsinh||M||INC||348655|
|18||Panchmahal||GEN||Chauhan Prabhatsinh Pratapsinh||M||BJP||282079|
|19||Dahod||(ST)||Dr. Prabha Kishor Taviad||F||INC||250586|
|20||Vadodara||GEN||Balkrishna Khanderao Shukla (Balu Shukla)||M||BJP||428833|
|21||Chhota Udaipur||(ST)||Rathwa Ramsingbhai Patalbhai||M||BJP||353534|
|22||Bharuch||GEN||Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava Amrasinhbhai||M||BJP||311019|
|24||Surat||GEN||Shrimati Darshana Vikram Jardosh||F||BJP||364947|
|25||Navsari||GEN||C. R. Patil||M||BJP||423413|
|26||Valsad||(ST)||Kishanbhai Vestabhai Patel||M||INC||357755|
Last Updated on : September 12, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies in Gujarat