Tamil Nadu Election News
March 29, 2014 02:32 PM
Political opponents get violent in Salem
Salem witnessed a short but serious unrest after the cadres of the DMK and the DMDK got violent and clashed. The incident happened near the Jamia Masjid (near Old Bus Stand). Reportedly, the clash came about because the two parties happened to be canvassing for voters at the same spot.
March 25, 2014 10:13 PM
Alagiri expelled from DMK by his father
MK Alagiri has been expelled from the DMK by M Karunanidhi. Alagiri is the son of M Karunanidhi, the chief of the DMK party.
It was the constant attack on the party and its candidates by his son that has caused the party chief to take this action. Keeping a note of all his moves, the party had suspended him on 24 January. Despite warnings, the leader was unanswerable to the notices sent to him regarding his acts of indiscipline. Also, the leader had been repeatedly criticising his younger brother M K Stalin.
Karunanidhi said, "General Secretary (Anbazhagan) and I discussed the matter and took a decision-- he is being expelled from the party. He had been suspended and his explanation was sought but did not reply. He was further criticising DMK and its leaders."
In the 2009, Alagiri had won the LS polls from the constituency of Madurai.
March 25, 2014 04:49 PM
AIADMK may ally with BJP after elections: Chidambaram
The senior Congress leader P.Chidambaram hinted at a post-poll alliance between the AIADMK and the BJP on Monday. Calling the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) the ‘B team’ of BJP, Chidambaram said that after the polls, “the AIADMK will be the first party to support the BJP.”
March 23, 2014 11:56 PM
Vaiko reaches out for support
MDMK leader Vaiko visited DMK leader MK Alagiri to seek his support. Post meeting Vaiko stated "I have his support especially in Virudhunagar constituency from where I am contesting".
Meanwhile, at their first election strategy meeting, the State Deputy Secretary of the DMDK party, Theni Murugesan stated that their fight was not so much with DMK but with AIADMK in the Madurai Lok Sabha constituency.
March 21, 2014 05:09 PM
Chidambaram opts out of LS polls
The Finance Minister of India P Chidambaram will not be contesting the upcoming Lok Sabha polls. However, Karti P Chidambaram, son of P Chidambaram has been fielded by the Congress party from Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu.
The fourth list released by the Congress party contains names of 50 candidates, of which 20 have been fielded from the LS seats of the state.
March 20, 2014 07:13 PM
PMK allies with NDA
The Paattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) has declared its alliance with the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) in the state of Tamil Nadu. However, the formal announcement will be made by Rajnath Singh, the chief of the Bharatiya Janata Party, today.
March 11, 2014 05:31 PM
DMK’s Lok Sabha election manifesto
The Dravida Munnettra Kazhagam (DMK) has released its Lok Sabha election manifesto. The party in its manifesto has promised separate statehood for Puducherry, elimination of death sentence, and implementation of the Sethusamudhram project. The party has also promised in the manifesto to make Tamil as the local official language.
Considering the situation of the Tamils in Sri Lanka, the party favours an immediate referendum to be held among the Tamils of the Eastern and the Northern Province.
March 10, 2014 10:54 PM
DMK’s list of candidates includes A. Raja (2G scam accused):
The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party released its list of candidates for the general election 2014 on Monday. Some of the candidates of the DMK contesting the polls this year are A. Raja, Dayanidhi Maran, S. Jagathrakshakan, S. Gandhiselvan, and T. R. Baalu.
The presence of candidates like Raja in the list does put a question-mark on the party’s credibility. Raja has been alleged of involvement in the 2G scam. Also, Dayanidhi Maran, another candidate of the DMK, is accused of illegal activities. He will be contesting the polls from the Central Chennai constituency, while Raja will contest from the Nilgiris.
The Sriperumbudur constituency has been allotted to Jagathrakshakan, while the Thanjavur constituency has been allotted to T. R. Baalu.
Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha Elections 2014
The southern state of Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state area-wise, and seventh most populous state in India. It is the second largest economy in the country and is ranked 6th in India in Human Development Index (HDI) 2011.
The state sends 39 members to the lower house of the Parliament or Lok Sabha which is the fourth highest in India. Thus, Tamil Nadu plays a crucial role in the government formation at the centre. Of the 39 parliamentary constituencies, seven are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC).
Tamil Nadu elects 39 members to the Lok Sabha. The state elects 18 members to the Rajya Sabha.
The state had a bicameral legislature till 1986, but currently it is unicameral. The total strength of the state legislature is 234. Some important constituencies include North, South and Central Chennai, Salem, Sriperumbudur, Coimbatore, and Erode.
Major Political Parties
The national-level parties active in Tamil Nadu are:
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]
Regional parties which play a major role in the state politics are:
- All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
- Desia Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
- Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)
- Manithaneya Makkal Katchi
- Puthiya Tamizagam
- All India Forward Bloc
- Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
In the elections to the state legislative assembly, INC was victorious from 1947 to 1967. But since 1967, Dravidian parties began to dominate state politics. DMK was the first Dravidian party to assume power in 1967, and remained in power till 1977. Differences within DMK led to the formation of AIADMK by M.G. Ramachandran. He led his party to victory in the 1977, 1980 and 1984 assembly elections. DMK won the 1989 elections but could not complete its full term. In 1991 elections AIADMK emerged victorious. Since then, DMK has won the 1996 and 2006 assembly elections while AIADMK returned to power in 2001 and 2011. In 2011 elections AIADMK and its allies won 203 seats out of 234 seats, making J. Jayalalithaa as the CM.
Since the 1990s caste based parties have gained prominence in the state and are slowly challenging the dominance of DMK and AIADMK.
In the elections to the Lok Sabha till 1962, INC was the leading party. But its performance dropped sharply in the 1967 while this election marked the rise of the DMK. The AIADMK made its presence felt in 1977. INC made a comeback in the 1984 elections and gave a steady performance in 1989 and 1991. But in 1999 elections INC won only two seats. BJP won four seats, its best performance in the state till date. In 2004, the main battle was between DMK and INC while in 2009 it was between DMK and AIADMK.
Famous Political Personalities
Some famous politicians who are also the members of the 15th Lok Sabha are:
- Dayanidhi Maran: He is an MP from DMK and has been representing Chennai Central constituency since 2004. He is a former Union Minister for Communications and Information Technology.
- P. Chidambaram: He is a MP from INC and represents Sivaganga constituency. He is currently the Union Finance Minister.He was also the Home Minister for three and a half years from November 2008.
- Dr. Ponnusamy Venugopal: He is a member of the AIADMK and represents the Tiruvallur constituency. He is a member of three Parliamentary Committees including the Committee on Water.
Tamil Nadu has given India many political icons. Some important politicians from the state are:
- Periyar E.V. Ramasamy:The pioneer of Self-Respect Movement or the Dravidian Movement, he was also the President of the Justice Party which was renamed as Dravidar Kazhagam. He also spearheaded the anti-Hindi movement in Tamil Nadu.
- C.N. Annadurai: Founder of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) he was the first Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from a Dravidian party. He also participated actively in the anti-Hindi movement.
- C. Rajagopalachari: He was the Premier of the Madras Presidency and later the Chief Minister of Madras State and was the last Governor General of India. He found the Swatantra party and supported the anti-Congress wave in Tamil Nadu.
- Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan: He was the second President and first Vice President of India. His birthday on the 5th September is celebrated as the Teacher's Day in India.
- K. Kamraj: A former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, he was known for his political acumen and acknowledged as a 'kingmaker' in the 1960s. He was also appointed as a member of the parliament from 1952-1954 and 1969-1975.
- Ramaswamy Venkataraman: He was appointed as the 8th President of India in 1987, and is also a former Minister of Finance and Defense. He started his political career participating in trade union movements.
- M.G. Ramachandran: He founded the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK). He was the first actor to become a Chief Minister of a state. He remained in office from 1977 to 1987. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1988.
- M. Karunanidhi: He won his first election in 1957 and has been elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly 12 times since then. He took over as the leader of the DMK in 1969 and has served five times as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
- Jayalalithaa Jayaram: She joined politics in 1982 and became the second woman to become the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 1991. She is the current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and the General Secretary of the AIADMK.
Tamil Nadu : 2014 Opinion Polls
Opinion polls for Tamil Nadu show that the LS poll results might be similar to the last year elections, as the main fight will continue to be between AIADMK and DMK. AIADMK is poised to win the largest number of seats in the state. AIADMK is predicted to win with a majority of 15-23 seats while DMK may get hold of 7-13 seats out of the 39 LS seats in the state. Although BJP has negligible presence in the state, the party is likely to grab at least two seats, due to the Modi effect catching up. Rest of the seats will vary between the Congress party and other independent candidates.
No. of PCs :39
No. of Polling Days :1
Polling Dates :24 April (Phase 6)
No. of Polling Stations :60418
No. of Polling Station locations :27867
Total Electors :5,37,52,682 (as on 14th February 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years :12.56%
Women Electors :49.96%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate :Rs. 70 lakhs
Tamil Nadu Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|1||Tiruvallur||(SC)||P Venugopal||M||All India Anna DMK||368294|
|2||Chennai North||GEN||T.K.S Elangovan||M||DMK||281055|
|3||Chennai South||GEN||C Rajendran||M||All India Anna DMK||308567|
|4||Chennai Central||GEN||Maran Dayanidhi||M||DMK||285783|
|13||Viluppuram||(SC)||M Anandan||M||All India Anna DMK||306826|
|15||Salem||GEN||S Semmalai||M||All India Anna DMK||380460|
|18||Tiruppur||GEN||C Sivasami||M||All India Anna DMK||295731|
|20||Coimbatore||GEN||P.R. Natarajan||M||CPI (M)||293165|
|21||Pollachi||GEN||K Sugumar||M||All India Anna DMK||305935|
|23||Karur||GEN||M Tambidurai||M||All India Anna DMK||380542|
|24||Tiruchirappalli||GEN||P Kumar||M||All India Anna DMK||298710|
|28||Mayiladuthurai||GEN||O.S Manian||M||All India Anna DMK||364089|
|33||Theni||GEN||J.M Aaron Rashid||M||INC||340575|
|35||Ramanathapuram||GEN||Shri K. alias J.K. Ritheesh Shivakumar||M||DMK||294945|
|39||Kanniyakumari||GEN||J Helen Davidson ||F||DMK||320161|
||Parliamentary Constituencies in Tamil Nadu
Last Updated on : March 28, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India