Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha Elections 2014
The southern state of Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state area-wise, and seventh most populous state in India. It is the second largest economy in the country and is ranked 6th in India in Human Development Index (HDI) 2011.
The state sends 39 members to the lower house of the Parliament or Lok Sabha which is the fourth highest in India. Thus, Tamil Nadu plays a crucial role in the government formation at the centre. Of the 39 parliamentary constituencies, seven are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC).
Tamil Nadu elects 39 members to the Lok Sabha. The state elects 18 members to the Rajya Sabha.
The state had a bicameral legislature till 1986, but currently it is unicameral. The total strength of the state legislature is 234. Some important constituencies include North, South and Central Chennai, Salem, Sriperumbudur, Coimbatore, and Erode.
Major Political Parties
The national-level parties active in Tamil Nadu are:
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)]
Regional parties which play a major role in the state politics are:
- All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
- Desia Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK)
- Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
- Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)
- Manithaneya Makkal Katchi
- Puthiya Tamizagam
- All India Forward Bloc
- Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
In the elections to the state legislative assembly, INC was victorious from 1947 to 1967. But since 1967, Dravidian parties began to dominate state politics. DMK was the first Dravidian party to assume power in 1967, and remained in power till 1977. Differences within DMK led to the formation of AIADMK by M.G. Ramachandran. He led his party to victory in the 1977, 1980 and 1984 assembly elections. DMK won the 1989 elections but could not complete its full term. In 1991 elections AIADMK emerged victorious. Since then, DMK has won the 1996 and 2006 assembly elections while AIADMK returned to power in 2001 and 2011. In 2011 elections AIADMK and its allies won 203 seats out of 234 seats, making J. Jayalalithaa as the CM.
Since the 1990s caste based parties have gained prominence in the state and are slowly challenging the dominance of DMK and AIADMK.
In the elections to the Lok Sabha till 1962, INC was the leading party. But its performance dropped sharply in the 1967 while this election marked the rise of the DMK. The AIADMK made its presence felt in 1977. INC made a comeback in the 1984 elections and gave a steady performance in 1989 and 1991. But in 1999 elections INC won only two seats. BJP won four seats, its best performance in the state till date. In 2004, the main battle was between DMK and INC while in 2009 it was between DMK and AIADMK.
Famous Political Personalities
Some famous politicians who are also the members of the 15th Lok Sabha are:
- Dayanidhi Maran: He is an MP from DMK and has been representing Chennai Central constituency since 2004. He is a former Union Minister for Communications and Information Technology.
- P. Chidambaram: He is a MP from INC and represents Sivaganga constituency. He is currently the Union Finance Minister.He was also the Home Minister for three and a half years from November 2008.
- Dr. Ponnusamy Venugopal: He is a member of the AIADMK and represents the Tiruvallur constituency. He is a member of three Parliamentary Committees including the Committee on Water.
Tamil Nadu has given India many political icons. Some important politicians from the state are:
- Periyar E.V. Ramasamy:The pioneer of Self-Respect Movement or the Dravidian Movement, he was also the President of the Justice Party which was renamed as Dravidar Kazhagam. He also spearheaded the anti-Hindi movement in Tamil Nadu.
- C.N. Annadurai: Founder of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) he was the first Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from a Dravidian party. He also participated actively in the anti-Hindi movement.
- C. Rajagopalachari: He was the Premier of the Madras Presidency and later the Chief Minister of Madras State and was the last Governor General of India. He found the Swatantra party and supported the anti-Congress wave in Tamil Nadu.
- Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan: He was the second President and first Vice President of India. His birthday on the 5th September is celebrated as the Teacher's Day in India.
- K. Kamraj: A former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, he was known for his political acumen and acknowledged as a 'kingmaker' in the 1960s. He was also appointed as a member of the parliament from 1952-1954 and 1969-1975.
- Ramaswamy Venkataraman: He was appointed as the 8th President of India in 1987, and is also a former Minister of Finance and Defense. He started his political career participating in trade union movements.
- M.G. Ramachandran: He founded the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK). He was the first actor to become a Chief Minister of a state. He remained in office from 1977 to 1987. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1988.
- M. Karunanidhi: He won his first election in 1957 and has been elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly 12 times since then. He took over as the leader of the DMK in 1969 and has served five times as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
- Jayalalithaa Jayaram: She joined politics in 1982 and became the second woman to become the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 1991. She is the current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and the General Secretary of the AIADMK.
Tamil Nadu : 2014 Opinion Polls
Opinion polls for Tamil Nadu show that the LS poll results might be similar to the last year elections, as the main fight will continue to be between AIADMK and DMK. AIADMK is poised to win the largest number of seats in the state. AIADMK is predicted to win with a majority of 15-23 seats while DMK may get hold of 7-13 seats out of the 39 LS seats in the state. Although BJP has negligible presence in the state, the party is likely to grab at least two seats, due to the Modi effect catching up. Rest of the seats will vary between the Congress party and other independent candidates.
Tamil Nadu Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|2009||Tamil Nadu||1||Tiruvallur||(SC)||Venugopal,Dr. Ponnusamy ||M||All India Anna DMK||368294|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||2||Chennai North||GEN||Elangovan,Shri T.K.S. ||M||DMK||281055|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||3||Chennai South||GEN||Rajendran,Shri C. ||M||All India Anna DMK||308567|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||4||Chennai Central||GEN||Maran,Thiru Dayanidhi ||M||DMK||285783|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||5||Sriperumbudur||GEN||Baalu,Thiru Thalikkottai Rajuthevar ||M||DMK||352641|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||6||Kancheepuram||(SC)||Perumal,Shri Viswanathan ||M||INC||330237|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||7||Arakkonam||GEN||Jagathrakshakan,Shri S. ||M||DMK||415041|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||8||Vellore||GEN||Abdul Rahman,Shri ||M||DMK||360474|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||9||Krishnagiri||GEN||Sugavanam,Shri E.G. ||M||DMK||335977|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||10||Dharmapuri||GEN||Thamaraiselvan,Shri R. ||M||DMK||365812|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||11||Tiruvannamalai||GEN||Venugopal,Thiru Danapal ||M||DMK||436866|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||12||Arani||GEN||Krishnasswamy,Shri M. ||M||INC||396728|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||13||Viluppuram||(SC)||Anandan,Shri K. Murugesan ||M||All India Anna DMK||306826|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||14||Kallakurichi||GEN||Adhi Sankar,Shri ||M||DMK||363601|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||15||Salem||GEN||Semmalai,Shri S. ||M||All India Anna DMK||380460|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||16||Namakkal||GEN||Gandhiselvan,Shri S. ||M||DMK||371476|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||18||Tiruppur||GEN||Sivasami,Shri C. ||M||All India Anna DMK||295731|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||18||Erode||GEN||Ganeshamurthi,Shri A. ||M||MDMK||284148|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||19||Nilgiris||(SC)||Raja,Shri Andimuthu ||M||DMK||316802|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||20||Coimbatore||GEN||Natarajan,Shri P.R. ||M||CPI (M)||293165|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||21||Pollachi||GEN||Sugumar,Shri K. ||M||All India Anna DMK||305935|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||22||Dindigul||GEN||Chitthan,Shri N.S.V. ||M||INC||361545|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||23||Karur||GEN||Thambidurai,Dr. Munisamy ||M||All India Anna DMK||380542|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||24||Tiruchirappalli||GEN||Kumar,Shri P. ||M||All India Anna DMK||298710|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||25||Perambalur||GEN||Napoleon,Shri D. ||M||DMK||398742|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||26||Cuddalore||GEN||Alagiri,Shri Sambandam Keerapalayam ||M||INC||320473|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||27||Chidambaram||(SC)||Thol,Shri Thirumaa Valavan ||M||VCK||428804|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||28||Mayiladuthurai||GEN||Manian,Shri O. S. ||M||All India Anna DMK||364089|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||29||Nagapattinam||(SC)||Vijayan,Shri A.K.S. ||M||DMK||369915|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||31||Sivaganga||GEN||Chidambaram,Shri Palaniappan ||M||INC||334348|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||32||Madurai||GEN||Alagiri,Shri M. K. ||M||DMK||431295|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||33||Thanjavur||GEN||Palanimanickam,Shri S.S. ||M||DMK||408343|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||33||Theni||GEN||Aaroon Rasheed,Shri J.M. ||M||INC||340575|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||34||Virudhunagar||GEN||Tagore,Shri Manicka ||M||INC||307187|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||35||Ramanathapuram||GEN||Shivakumar ,Shri K. Alias J.K. Ritheesh ||M||DMK||294945|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||36||Thoothukkudi||GEN||Jeyadurai,Shri S. R. ||M||DMK||311017|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||37||Tenkasi||(SC)||Lingam,Shri P. ||M||CPI||281174|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||38||Tirunelveli||GEN||Ramasubbu,Shri S.S. ||M||INC||274932|
|2009||Tamil Nadu||39||Kanniyakumari||GEN||Helen, Smt. Davidson J. ||F||DMK||320161|
||Tamilnadu Parliamentary Constituencies
Last Updated on : March 8, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India