Madhya Pradesh Election News
As part of announcing candidates for the upcoming general election, the Samajwadi Party (SP) on Monday released its list of candidates for Madhya Pradesh. This year the party will be testing itself out in the state by contesting the following six seats: Shahdaul, Khajuraho, Rewa, Vidisha, Bhind, and Bhopal.
MP 16th Lok Sabha Elections 2014
Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in India in terms of area, and sixth largest in terms of population. This state has played an important role in India's electoral politics since independence. It is home to many political stalwarts and has witnessed the changing face of Indian politics.
Representation of Madhya Pradesh at the Centre
Madhya Pradesh had 40 Lok Sabha constituencies before the separation of Chhattisgarh in 2000. At present, there are 29 Lok Sabha constituencies including Gwalior, Guna, Chhindwara, Vidisha and Indore. It sends 11 MPs to the Rajya Sabha. Madhya Pradesh has a significant number of Scheduled Tribe (ST) population and has six Lok Sabha constituencies reserved for them which is the highest in India.
The state legislature is unicameral and it has 230 members.
Main Political Parties
The dominant political parties of Madhya Pradesh are Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC), and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP).
There are also a number of regional parties. However, unlike some other states these parties have not been able to play an important role in state politics. Some important regional parties are:
- Pragatisheel Bahujan Samaj Party
- Madhya Pradesh Kisan Mazdoor Adivasi Kranti Dal
- Madhya Pradesh Vikas Congress
- Jiti Jitayi Politics
The state has been under the stronghold of the Congress party, as out of 18 Chief Ministers of the state till date, 12 belong to the Congress. INC was the most powerful party in the initial years and was in power from 1956 to 1977, as it gave the state its first CM as Ravishankar Shukla. In 1977, Janata Dal assumed power but could not complete its term. In 1980 elections, INC emerged victorious and went on to win the 1985 elections as well. In 1990, BJP came to power and ruled till 1992. INC made a comeback in 1993 and remained in power for the next 10 years.
In November 2000, Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh. This reduced the number of assembly seats from 320 to 230.
In 2003, BJP won the assembly elections and has been in power since then. In the 2013 elections, BJP won absolute majority winning 165 out of 230 seats and is currently the most dominant party in the state.
Madhya Pradesh was also under President's rule on three occasions; from April 1977 to June 1977, February 1980 to June 1980 and December 1992 to December 1993.
In the Indian parliamentary elections in Madhya Pradesh, the INC was dominant from 1957 to 1984. Since the 1989 general elections, the BJP has emerged as a force to reckon within the state. The BJP gave a stellar performance in 2004, winning 25 out of 29 seats. In 2009, it won 16 seats while the INC got 12 seats and BSP won just one seat.
General elections 2014 will see important political personalities battling it out in Madhya Pradesh. The major political parties are yet to announce their candidates. Some MPs of the 15th Lok Sabha from Madhya Pradesh are:
Famous Political Personalities
- Sushma Swaraj : Leader of the opposition in the 15th Lok Sabha, she is an MP from Vidisha. She has been elected six times as a member of the Parliament and was also the first woman Chief Minister of Delhi.
- Sumitra Mahajan : She is a politician from BJP and has been representing the Indore constituency of Madhya Pradesh since the 9th Lok Sabha.
- Kamal Nath : He is a politician from the Indian National Congress and represents the Chhindwara constituency of Madhya Pradesh. He is the Union Minister for Urban Development.
- Meenakshi Natarajan : She is an MP from the Mandsaur constituency of Madhya Pradesh and a General Secretary of All India Congress Committee (AICC).
Many important political leaders of India were born in Madhya Pradesh. Some of them are:
- B.R. Ambedkar : He was born in Mhow. He was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution and was also the first Law Minister of India.
- Shankar Dayal Sharma : He is the 9th President of India. He was born in Bhopal and represented Bhopal in the Lok Sabha in 1971 and 1980.
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee : He was the 10th Prime Minister of India. He was born in Gwalior and was also a Lok Sabha MP from Gwalior (5th Lok Sabha).
The royal family of Scindia of Gwalior has played a key role in Indian political scene. Important politicians from the Scindia dynasty are:
- Madhavrao Scindia : He was a nine-time member of parliament and also served as the Union Railways Minister (1986 - 1989), Minister for Civil Aviation and Minister for Human Resource Development. He contested from either Guna or Gwalior and is known to have never lost an election.
- Vijayaraje Scindia : She was the Rajmata of Gwalior and a politician from the BJP.
- Yashodhara Scindia : She is currently the Minister for Commerce, Industries and Employment in Madhya Pradesh. She was elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from Gwalior.
- Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia : The scion of the Scindia dynasty, he is an MP from the Guna constituency and is currently the Union Minister of State for Power Ministry.
Some other famous politicians from Madhya Pradesh include:
Opinion Polls 2014
- Digvijay Singh : He is a politician from the INC and served as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh from 1993 to 2003.
- Uma Bharti : She was the first woman Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh and is currently the poll in-charge for the 2014 parliamentary elections for Uttarakhand.
- Arjun Singh : He was born in Churhat, Sidhi in Madhya Pradesh. He was the Union Minister for Human Resource Development from 2004 to 2009.
- Shivraj Singh Chouhan : He is the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh since 2005 and has emerged as a significant politician from the state.
The opinion polls predict a near sweep for BJP in Madhya Pradesh. The popularity of Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan and the Modi magic has been cited as the main reason behind this. Poll surveys predict that out of the 29 Lok Sabha seats, the BJP may win 23 - 27 seats while Congress may only get two - five seats. BSP might get hold of one seat, standing nowhere in the race.
Madhya Pradesh Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||1||Morena||GEN||Tomar,Shri Narendra Singh ||M||BJP||300647|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||2||Bhind||(SC)||Argal,Shri Ashok ||M||BJP||227365|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||3||Gwalior||GEN||Scindia,Smt. Yashodhara Raje ||F||BJP||252314|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||4||Guna||GEN||Scindia,Shri Jyotiraditya Madhavrao ||M||INC||413297|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||5||Sagar||GEN||Singh,Shri Bhoopendra ||M||BJP||323954|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||6||Tikamgarh||(SC)||Virendra Kumar,Dr. ||M||BJP||200109|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||7||Damoh||GEN||Lodhi,Shri Shivraj Singh ||M||BJP||302673|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||8||Khajuraho||GEN||Bundela,Shri Jeetendra Singh ||M||BJP||229369|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||9||Satna||GEN||Singh,Shri Ganesh ||M||BJP||190206|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||10||Rewa||GEN||Patel,Shri Deoraj Singh ||M||BSP||172002|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||11||Sidhi||GEN||Mishra,Shri Govind Prasad ||M||BJP||270914|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||12||Shahdol||(ST)||Singh, Smt. Rajesh Nandini ||F||INC||263434|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||13||Jabalpur||GEN||Singh,Shri Rakesh ||M||BJP||343922|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||14||Mandla||(ST)||Masram,Shri Basori Singh ||M||INC||391133|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||15||Balaghat||GEN||Deshmukh,Shri K. D. ||M||BJP||299959|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||16||Chhindwara||GEN||Kamal Nath,Shri ||M||INC||409736|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||17||Hoshangabad||GEN||Singh,Shri Uday Pratap ||M||INC||339496|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||18||Vidisha||GEN||Swaraj,Smt. Sushma ||F||BJP||438235|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||19||Bhopal||GEN||Joshi,Shri Kailash ||M||BJP||335678|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||20||Rajgarh||GEN||Amlabe,Shri Narayan Singh ||M||INC||319371|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||21||Dewas||(SC)||Verma,Shri Sajjan Singh ||M||INC||376421|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||22||Ujjain||(SC)||Guddu,Shri Prem Chand ||M||INC||326905|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||23||Mandsaur||GEN||Natrajan,Km. Meenakshi ||F||INC||373532|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||24||Ratlam||(ST)||Bhuria,Shri Kantilal ||M||INC||308923|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||25||Dhar||(ST)||Rajukhedi,Shri Gajendra Singh ||M||INC||302660|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||26||Khargone||(ST)||Solanki,Shri Makhansingh ||M||BJP||351296|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||26||Indore||GEN||Mahajan,Smt. Sumitra ||F||BJP||388662|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||27||Khandwa||GEN||Yadav,Shri Arun Subhashchandra ||M||INC||394241|
|2009||Madhya Pradesh||29||Betul||(ST)||Dhurve,Smt. Jyoti ||F||BJP||334939|
||Madhya Pradesh Parliamentary Constituencies
Last Updated on : March 10, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India